Coffee, graffiti, steam train, koala and penguin, what kind of scene comes to your mind when you say these five words?
When coffee became a culture, graffiti painted beliefs, steam trains ran all over history, koalas were promoted to national treasures, penguins staggered and stumbled to outline the southeast corner of a state, you are very impressed with this combination of dynamic and static pictures. What new expectations are there?
This is the Australian state of Victoria, and its area is equal to that of Zhejiang and Jiangsu provinces combined. From the city to the suburbs, from the hills to the valley, from here, you can see Victoria like a painting, a condensed version of Australian humanities and customs.
Like the daily greeting of “Have you eaten?” in Beijing, the way Melbourne people greet each other is: “Want to have a cup of coffee together?”
In the coffee circle, Melbourne enjoys the reputation of “Coffee Capital”. In Melbourne, going to Starbucks for coffee is one thing that gets ridiculed by the crowd. In 2008, Starbucks closed two-thirds of its stores in Australia, and most of the “retreats” occurred in downtown Melbourne. To Melburnians, Starbucks is just an instant drink in the name of coffee.
In Melbourne, going to Starbucks for coffee is one thing that gets ridiculed by the crowd.
The British “Grain” magazine commented on the close relationship between Melburnians and coffee: “Melbourne people love coffee and regard it as a very special thing. This feeling is not only for the drink itself, but also extends to Everything related to coffee, socially, culturally, and catering. So baristas are probably more valued here than elsewhere, and there is always a lot of inspiration for cafe design.”
“And because of this love of coffee Rising enthusiasm, the lines between coffee bars, cafés and restaurants are blurred. A place where coffee-traditionalists and modernists walk side by side, mystics and artisans against the modernist scientists Erosion. They both embrace an unusual passion for coffee and the pursuit of coffee quality, and Melbourne has successfully and happily embraced the ‘three religions’ in these coffee cultures.”
Melbourne’s coffee culture makes Victoria more international, and this The “coffee culture” in this city is actually inextricably linked with Europeans.
As early as the British colonial period, coffee has been brought to Australia, but the coffee at that time was rough in taste and workmanship. The seeds of coffee culture began to germinate in Melbourne after World War II, when large numbers of Italian immigrants entered Australia and brought their espresso and espresso machines to Victoria. This also allowed the continent of Australia to enter the coffee age.
These Italians have since settled in Melbourne’s Carlton precinct and made Melbourne the coffee capital it is today.
Melbourne not only has cafes to slow you down, but also graffiti alleys that arouse your creative desire and rebel factor, so it is also known as the “graffiti capital”.
After coffee, you can choose to walk through Bourke Street Pedestrian Street and Little Collins Street to Union Lane, or you can go to Horhill Lane near Federation Square. This ㄇ-shaped graffiti alley quickly became popular after an artist named Andrew Mcdonale scribbled graffiti.
There are graffiti-specific artistic fonts in the alleys, as well as template spray painting, that is, a hollow pattern is cut out of cardboard, and then usually a color of paint is sprayed on the wall. Not only the walls, but also the mailboxes, doors and windows and even the trash cans can be sprayed with various colors by Crew (Melbourne’s graffiti team). And the thing that annoys Crew the most is the Buff (the previous graffiti is removed, or the pattern they created is covered by another pattern).
And once they are buffed by other crews, the graffiti enthusiasts in Melbourne will calm down and go to a cafe in the city center to order a cup of milk white coffee (the favorite of locals in Melbourne while swearing a few words of nationalism). ) to refresh and prepare for the next graffiti masterpiece!
Coffee shops all over the streets of Melbourne
Puffing Billy’s steam train
Steam train shows history
After saying goodbye to the modern atmosphere of Melbourne, you will feel the rich history of Victoria on the steam train on the outskirts of the city.
The Puffing Billy Railway was built in 1900. At the beginning, it mainly served the local mountain residents, and assumed the functions of transporting passengers, timber, potatoes, etc. A total of four narrow gauge railways have been built in the Puffing Billy area, the Puffing Billy Railway being the best preserved.
If Melbourne has defined the trend and urban style for Victoria, then Puffing Billy’s steam train allows visitors to appreciate the historical charm of Australia’s pioneering days. The steam train travels 24 kilometers from Belgrave to the Dandenong Ranges, passing large forests and fern-filled ravines along the way.
Volunteer Railway Volunteer
Every time the small train arrives at a station, tourists can get off and take pictures. If you’re lucky enough to take the train at the departure station, you can also chat with the volunteer railway volunteers. The other party will usually give you a hard blow on the history of the steam train. What you can learn is that the Puffing Billy Railroad is a volunteer-run non-profit organisation and all revenue goes towards the maintenance and operation of this historic Australian icon.
If you ask to enter the “miniature museum” on the platform at this time, the other party will definitely not refuse, because in the showroom full of railway supplies and driving medals, there is a section of early colonists who expanded their territories and participated in the city. A history of railroads in public transport construction.
The fragile life of little penguins
From the Melbourne city to the suburban steam train, and then from the suburbs to the southeast for about 90 minutes, after passing the Shenglimon Bridge, you will find the winding and beautiful coastline of Phillip Island, rolling coastal green hills and lush jungles You can also see them one by one. This is the southeast corner of Victoria, and the most dynamic and colorful element on the Victorian picture.
The island, which was planned as a natural park in 1996, is world-renowned for having the smallest penguins in the world. And this group of tiny penguins are called fairy penguins.
These little penguins, about 30 centimeters tall, live on Summerland Beach, southwest of Phillip Island. They go out early and return late every day, with regular schedules; they build nests in the dunes and frolic on the beach; sometimes they are in groups, sometimes alone; when the sun rises, they go out to sea to watch the world; when the sun goes down, they go home again watched by tourists.
Watching the little penguins return to their nests, that is, the process of going home with the moonlight, is a test of your patience, but it is also a thing that can add more natural interest to you. When you walk along the wooden walkway to the viewing platform of the Summer Land Peninsula, you will also participate in the return journey of the fairy penguin.
You can choose to sit on the platform and look down on the little penguins that are coming back to their nests from a high altitude, or you can go to the underground sightseeing room, through the glass window, sit on an equal footing with these small animals weighing about 1 kg, and go through the whole process of their return home. track.
There are more than 3600 little penguins here. With different seasons, the time and number of little penguins going to sea and homing are also different. Usually, from November to January of the following year is the season when the number of little penguins homing is the largest, and more than 500,000 tourists come to visit every year.
While waiting for them to return home, you can check the latest seaside developments on the big screen in the observation room. That is to say, when the little penguins will “land on the beach” and when they will “return to camp in a group”, these can be seen in advance on the big screen. After they landed on the beach, they would disperse and gather into different camps, some in groups of threes and fives, some in columns, and follow the way they came home.
When will the little penguins “land on the beach” and when they will “return to camp in a group”, these can be seen on the big screen in advance.
little penguin homing
Phillip Island coastline
Unlike most of the little penguins who are upside down but also walk smoothly, occasionally there will be a few “thorn heads” in the landing force – some of them will react coldly when other penguins run home. Walking towards a mound on the beach, and then began to turn their necks to look at their peers; some would suddenly stop thinking during the process of homing with other friends, and even stop for more than ten minutes; some would walk along the footprints On the way, they would stagger up the mountain, and when they reached the halfway up the mountain, they found that there were no other companions around, so they returned to the starting point and repeated the previous homing process; some simply turned their heads and walked towards the beach, as if Back in time, back to the time to go to sea!
While more than 300 penguins land and homing on the beaches of Phillip Island every day, not all of them make it back to their nests. Some penguins die of exhaustion in the sea, or are eaten by other carnivores. It is understood that the longest-lived little blue penguin is 26 years old, and most penguins can only live for 6 to 7 years.