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The poet who came out of the mountain village

  On September 9, 2003, Russian President Vladimir Putin personally awarded an 80-year-old poet, an 80-year-old poet, the highest national award in the Russian cultural field, the Order of St. Andrew, and praised him as a poet of the Russian people. In those days, bookstores scrambled to sell the poet’s collections, TV shows read his poems, and huge portraits of him were erected on the streets of Moscow. A poet’s birthday has actually become a grand holiday for the Russians. The poet was born in Dagestan in the Caucasus, and he is the Avar poet Rasul Gamzatov who came out of the mountains.
  In 1923, Rasul Gamzatov was born in the Caucasus Mountains. His father was a poet and his mother was a folk singer, so Rasul was influenced by art since childhood. He published his debut novel at the age of 10, and published his first collection of poetry at the age of 20. After that, step by step, he emerged in the world of poetry. From the Caucasus, he went to Moscow, the capital of Russia, and studied at the Gorky Academy, further broadening his cultural horizons, and the art of poetry is growing day by day. . Since then, for more than half a century, the poet has published more than 100 poetry collections. His collection of poems “The Stars in the Sky” won the Lenin Prize in 1963. The poet has visited more than 80 countries and visited China twice, and has become a messenger of cultural exchanges. More than 70 foreign language translations have brought him a lofty international reputation.
  During the Great Patriotic War, Rasul’s two older brothers died on the front line, and his mother’s tears and grief left an indelible impression on him forever. The poet’s first collection of poems, “Hot Love and Intense Hate”, was published in 1943 in the war-torn year. Loving the motherland, hometown, mother, and peace has been the theme of his repeated chants since the beginning of his creation. In addition, he is also good at praising friendship, love, and loyalty that people generally cherish in simple and fresh language. Therefore, his poems have tens of thousands of readers in Russia and are praised as an evergreen tree in the poetry world.
  When the poet’s father was dying, he once instructed his son: “…to take care of your mother, the soul of the whole family!” The book’s preface. He has written many poems about mothers, praising the selflessness of maternal love, and the depth and breadth of maternal love. He is probably the poet who praises mothers the most in the world, and he was also the first poet to compare mothers with God:
  The prophet said: “There is no God but God!” But I have to say: “There is no mother but mother!” The
  poet associates his mother with mothers in the world, knowing that the most painful victims of war are mothers . He said: The sweetest and brightest song in the world is a lullaby sung by a mother, and the saddest and most tragic scene in the world is a mother crying and weeping while guarding her son’s coffin, and even more tragic are the sons of many mothers, When he went to the front line, he never came back, never to be seen again…
  As a poet who came out of the mountains, Gamzatov’s works have always maintained strong national cultural characteristics, filled with a fresh breath of life, he is like a poet The simple and enthusiastic mountain people lead readers into the Caucasus mountains and appreciate the local ethnic customs. The Avars are a people who worship fire: when a daughter gets married, a pine torch should be lit to see off; when a bride enters the door, a newly built stove should be lit. Throwing pebbles and delivering a spoonful of honey means life is full of ups and downs, but life is sweet after all. The mountain people get married, inherit the lineage, give birth to a daughter, beat drums to celebrate, give birth to a son, shoot a gun at the sky, and rejoice… Poetry critics assert that the more national it is, the more universal it is, and the more contemporary it is, the more The more permanent it is, the son of the Avars, Gamzatov, made this ethnic minority in the Caucasus Mountains famous in Russia and the world. He became not only the national poet of the Avars, but also the great poet of Russia.
  Because he is good at creating love poems, Gamzatov enjoys the reputation of “love singer”. Poems such as “Pajimat”, “Footprints in the Snow”, “If There were a Thousand Men in the World”, “Santa-Clara”, “Eternal Youth”, not only in the Caucasus, but also in Russia It is also well known and known to everyone. Gamzatov has a sonnet love poem, likening love to a university, saying that the two professors of joy and sadness teach day and night, making students think about the true meaning of love, and tend to perfection and sincerity. In another sonnet, the poet states:
  ”Love each other as much as possible, / Love. It is a good medicine to cure diseases and eliminate disasters. . . And happy.”
  The poet expresses the true feelings of love, which can naturally arouse the psychological resonance of thousands of readers.
  As a war-torn poet, Gamzatov has always believed that the survivors of the war should not forget the fallen soldiers, because it was their bloodshed that brought peace and peace to the motherland. The poem “White Crane” written by him has the following lines:
  Sometimes I have a feeling that
  the soldiers who have never returned from the battlefield
  are not buried in our land,
  but become white cranes.
  Flying from the distant past to the present,
  it whistled to us and flew slowly,
  so we often look up at the sky
  and fall into silence because of sadness…
  In Russia, 6 composers once composed this poem, according to this There are as many as 26 monuments to the Great Patriotic War built in poetic imagery. This shows the widespread influence of the poet’s works in Russia.
  Gamzatov also wrote a poem for his granddaughter Shaheli, which fully expresses the poet’s anxiety and concern for the fate of the future generation. The cry of the little granddaughter aroused the poet’s thinking. The little granddaughter lives in happiness. She doesn’t know the raging war or the grief of losing a loved one. Why is she crying? The little granddaughter’s cries seemed to say:
  ”Grandpa, this is what awaits me, / You have been through everything and you are still alive. / The world is full of disasters, times are cruel, / How do you show your horror? ?/ Grandpa, I cry for these things, / I don’t understand, why are you crying?…”
  Looking at the turmoil in the Caucasus today, and thinking about the tragic tragedy that happened in Beslan, we can’t help but admire The poet’s foresight can not help but moved by his profound humanitarian feelings.
  In October 1989, the author had the honor to visit the poet Gamzatov in Moscow. When he learned that his “White Crane” and other poems had been translated into Chinese, he smiled and was very happy. He inscribed the poem “The Book of Love” with a donated word, gave it to me as a souvenir, and invited me to be a guest at his house. His wife, Pajimat, specially made a Caucasian-style lamb pilaf to serve the guests warmly. When we clink our glasses and drink a brandy, the poet said something like this: “I know that China is a big country with a large population, but we Avars are very small. However, poetry always overloads the boundaries of nations and nations. Chinese classical poetry has already conquered the high mountains and mountains of the Caucasus. Today, I am very happy to learn that my poetry has also been introduced to China. This shows that poetry does not need a visa, and poets do not need a passport.” This is really powerful The words from the bottom of my heart are full of poetic insight.

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