Scientists use digital technology to “unblock” mummies for the first time to reproduce the true face of ancient Egyptian pharaohs 3,000 years ago

  Scientists in Egypt have used 3D CT scans to “open” the mummy of Pharaoh Amenhotep I for the first time.
  As a unique cultural custom in ancient Egypt, mummies have attracted widespread attention. It is reported that in order to completely solve the mystery of its production, Egypt has provided almost all the mummies that have been found, the oldest even dating back 3,000 years ago, to support scientists to conduct open research on it.
  But among this, the mummy of Amenhotep I became a special case because it has not been “unblocked”. The reason for this exception is that Amenhotep I was tightly encased in a delicate wreath and mask, and any dismantling and dissection would probably damage it.
  However, the research team from Cairo University School of Medicine has taken a different approach this time, completely abandoning the previous physical dismantling method. For the first time, through digital technologies such as CT scanning and X-rays, the mummy was subjected to a “safe non-invasive, non-invasive and non-invasive method.” Unblocking of Contact”.
  ”Egyptian research has revealed for the first time the face, age and health of King Amenhotep I, as well as the many secrets of the unique mummification and reburial,” Salim said.
  Salem is an international expert in paleoradiology, focusing on imaging studies of ancient remains. In addition, she is also the director of the Egyptian Mummy Project, and previously participated in the CT scan of the royal mummies of the New Kingdom of ancient Egypt together with the famous Egyptian archaeologist Zahi Hawass.
  ”Royal mummies are the best-preserved ancient corpses ever found,” Salim said. “They can give us information about what ancient kings and queens looked like, their health, ancient diseases, mummification techniques, and burials. Manufacturing techniques for masks, amulets, jewelry, coffins, and other funerary objects.”
  The groundbreaking project was the discovery of interesting theories including the death of Ramses III, new evidence for cosmetic dermal fillers, and the elimination of long-standing concerns about mummification diseases. Misdiagnosis, unique jewelry and amulets found in mummies, etc.

Sahar Salim

  Salem has written several articles on the subject, in which he revealed the mysteries of ancient Egyptian royalty and mummification. In her opinion, these mummies are more like a kind of “time capsule” from ancient Egypt.
  The “safe unblocking” of Amenhotep I this time is also another cooperation between her and Hawass.
  It is reported that Amenhotep I was the son of Ahmose I, the founder of the 18th Dynasty of Egypt, who succeeded the pharaoh in 1525 BC and ruled Egypt for about 20 years. After his death, his mummy was opened only once, and priests from later generations needed to restore and rebury the mummy. There are relatively detailed records of these deeds in the hieroglyphs left over from the 21st Dynasty.
  The team combined X-rays through thousands of CT scans to finally complete a 3D reconstruction of Amenhotep I’s body.
  ”It’s like putting together toast slices to make a full loaf,” Salim said.

3D reconstruction of the head of Amenhotep I

  From this detailed reconstruction, the researchers determined that Amenhotep I was approximately 35 years old when he died, was approximately 165.1 centimeters tall, and was circumcised. Apart from that, he did not have any other wounds on his body due to illness.
  The scans even allowed the researchers to compare Amenhotep I’s face with those of other mummies. “King Amenhotep looked like his father, and both pharaohs had a narrow jaw, a small, narrow nose, curly hair, and slightly protruding upper teeth,” Salim noted in the paper.
  The team Also found something unique to Amenhotep I. For example, he was the first mummy to have his arms crossed over his chest in the manner described in the book. Also, his brain wasn’t removed, it was just shrunk and moved closer to the back of the skull, as most royal mummies use hooked metal instruments to remove the brain through the nose.
  Also of note, the team also found jewelry buried with the pharaoh.
  ”There were 30 amulets between the mummy’s wrap, and the mummy also wore a gold belt made of 34 gold beads,” said Salem.
  The jewels overturned previous assumptions, the team had previously thought the priest was in the Arab world. It was excavated hundreds of years after the death of Menhotep I, mainly to reuse royal burial equipment. But now, scans show that instead of taking the amulets and jewelry, the priests of later generations repaired the damage to the mummy caused by the tomb robbers.
  Overall, a digital “physical examination” of the mummy has revealed, for the first time ever, about Amenhotep I’s life, death and burial. Saleem believes the research could pave the way for digitally unraveling ancient Egypt and other ancient civilizations in a non-invasive way.

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