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Picasso: Genius always provokes criticism

  Pablo Luiz Picasso is undoubtedly a rare genius in the history of human art. No one can change styles and genres as quickly as he; no one has such brilliant achievements in painting, drawing, and sculpture at the same time; no one can defy the pressure of the world, boldly innovate, and unconventional. 2006 coincides with the 125th birthday of the artist who was born in Malaga, Spain, let us walk into the life of the master to commemorate this artistic genius.
  Picasso was born on October 25, 1881 in Malaga, a once prosperous town in southern Spain. His father, Don Jose Luz Blasque, was a rather academic drawing teacher and former director of the Stedelijk Museum, and his mother, Maria Lopez Picasso, was a devout and traditional Spanish housewife. Picasso was a very gifted child. He showed a talent for drawing since he was a child, and he would draw before he could speak. The first word his mother remembered he would say was “penzi,” which means “pencil” in Spanish for children. When I played with him, I used to play games that made him draw, a game that asked him to draw a horse from the tail or nose.
  Picasso had signs of genius from an early age, and the high level of painting allowed him to skip grades into the advanced classes, where he shared classes with children five to six years his senior. These classmates also recognized his talent for his extraordinary talent. At the age of 10, his father, a drawing teacher, Blask, felt that teaching the child how to draw was beyond his capacity. With understanding and support, my father allowed it to develop freely. In 1896 and 1897, Picasso completed the first two important works: “First Communion” and “Science and Mercy”, and the talented Picasso easily passed the entrance examination for the Higher Art School, and soon held the solo exhibition.
  During his studies at the prestigious Royal Academy of Fine Arts of San Fernando in Madrid from 1897 to 1898, Picasso was accustomed to interrupting teaching at any time during class, complaining that the teachers “had no common sense”. He wrote to his friend Bass, saying that Spain was not the place to study painting. Clearly, this extraordinary young man thought there was nothing to learn at the academy.
  Picasso’s dissatisfaction with the Madrid Academy of Art, coupled with the lack of a studio and proper living conditions, left him depressed and in poor health. When he returned to Barcelona once, he happily accepted the invitation of his friend Ballaris to live on the farm of Ballaris’s hometown for a period of time. This farm is located in a barren and rugged small village called Aibro in the mountains of Catalonia (northeastern Spain). Picasso, 17, lived the life of a farmer, spent his days in caves and made murals for spiritual transformation. , find yourself and regain the creativity of the painter.
  Blue Period: 1900-1903
  Since 1900, Picasso, who gradually recovered his creativity, bid farewell to Spain and officially settled in Paris in 1904. He lived in the famous “laundry boat” in Montmartre. Because the living quarters are dirty and dilapidated, the building that used to be a piano factory resembles a laundry boat moored on the Seine River, and the poet Jacob took this nickname for it. At that time, Picasso and Jacob lived together in a dilapidated, dark and damp room with only one bed. They had to divide the labor and cooperate. At night when Jacob was sleeping, Picasso painted with a weak tungsten light until 7:00 in the morning, and then “changed shifts” with Jacob. Because of this, Picasso developed a habit of painting at night or under tungsten light. Therefore, when we appreciate Picasso’s works today, we should actually taste its true color and processing techniques under the same color temperature tungsten lamp. In Paris he befriended Max Jacobs, Van Tangier, Salmon, Apollinaire and others.
  In May 1901, under the arrangement of a well-known friend in Madrid, Picasso held an exhibition of paintings in the gallery of the Paris art dealer Frauer. Picasso had his paintings ready for display in three weeks, an average of three a day. The tones of the paintings are as bright as “Pre-Fauvism”, and more than half of the 64 works on display have been sold. At the time, his work was still influenced by the symbolism that prevailed in Barcelona. Due to the poor living conditions at that time, Picasso was influenced by the painting styles of Degas, Jasir and Toulouse-Lautrec, and he was infected with Spanish-style melancholy when he went to school in Spain. During this period, his works There is a gloomy blue mood pervading, which also makes the works of the “Blue Period” almost unnoticed for a long time.
  Pink Period: 1904-1906
  In 1904 Picasso met Matisse, then Derain and Braque, and lived with Fernand Olivier in Montmartre. At this time, his economy had improved, and his life was happier than before, and the color of his paintings changed to brisk pink; the objects of his paintings also changed from beggars, thin children and distressed women in the blue period to street performers, jugglers and girls in their prime.
  African period: 1906-1910
  In 1906, Picasso was inspired by Derain’s African masks, and until the end of the year, his works were influenced by African masks, which is Picasso’s African period. The human body in his paintings is strong and deep, and this characteristic is fully revealed in “The Girl of Avignon” in 1907. It was in 1907 that Picasso published “Girls of Avignon” depicting five naked girls. It was this pioneering work called “Cubism” that made Picasso famous and revolutionized the landscape of 20th century art: the human body composed of different components can be viewed from several angles, revealing Picasso’s Cubism period coming. However, there are still traces of Cezanne’s influence throughout the period.
  Analytical Cubism:
  During the period 1910-1914, most of Picasso’s artist friends moved from Montmartre to Montparnasse, and he moved with them. At that time, Picasso’s Cubist experience reached its peak. Jacques Biss commented on Picasso: “The work is constructed from sketches, with colors and tones reduced to a minimum of gray and light-dark orange; the forms are geometrically formed and synthesized, resulting in the effect of the traces suppressing their recognizable identity. , break out of the shackles, and finally be separated from the identity…” This is like looking at the multiple angles of a single image from the focus of a prism. Maybe life is like that, but Picasso extended it to portraits.
  Synthetic Cubism: 1914
  In 1914, the war (World War I) divided the group of Cubist painters and went their separate ways. Picasso regained freedom and personal taste in color, as well as that exuberant energy. In terms of style and objects of painting, his “Cubist Impressionist” creations became more free. Throughout all his works, he did not limit himself to Cubism, but continued to explore from all sides. For example, the works from 1915 to 1916 are naturalistic; while the works from 1917 are all realism.
  Neoclassical period: 1917-1920
  Picasso lived in Italy and just designed the background and costumes for the Russian ballet “Parade” directed by Diashilev, when he met the ballerina Olga Kochlova. In 1918 he married Kochlova and gave birth to a son. This more comfortable life coincided with the neoclassical period of Picasso’s creative career. In 1921 and 1926, he continued to produce Cubist works, but his works in 1925 took a realist route. From 1925 to 1932, Picasso entered Surrealism. During his stay in Spain from 1933 to 1934, the works of ox-headed and human monsters appeared.
  In 1943, Picasso met François-Giro and moved in with her in Midi in Antibes. In 1945 he painted a series of still lifes in Valloris and created ceramics. With the birth of his son Claude and his daughter Palomade, Picasso’s work, in addition to showing the joys of this simple family life, also expressed his views on politics: 1944 painting “The Chamber of Bones”, 1947 “The Spaniards Who Died for France”. He continued to paint still lifes, landscapes, portraits. In 1950, Courbet’s “Woman by the Seine” initiated his work around famous masters Variation creation.
  In 1954, Franseva Gillot left Picasso. Picasso met Jacqueline Roque in Valloris and spent the rest of his life with the woman. They lived in Cannes until 1959, where he immersed himself in painting Delacroix’s “Ladies of Algiers” and Velazquez’s “Ladies of the Palace”, while continuing the follow-up work on “The Atelier”. He first moved to Vevenages and then settled at the Chateau Nathedain de Miy near Mugan, where he continued his variation series. From 1960 to 1973, he worked tirelessly. In the past 13 years alone, more than 1,000 works have been recorded in the catalogue, including prints, drawings and oil paintings. Picasso died in 1973 at the age of 92.
  
  Picasso and Prints
  
  If the prolific artist’s oil paintings are impressive, his drawings and prints are equally impressive. In 1904 and 1905 he created a series of etchings inspired by the “Pink Period”. Since then, he has made countless metal prints and lithographs throughout his life.
  
  Genius is always controversial
  
  Whether it was the blue phase, the pink phase or Cubism, Picasso set a milestone in the development of 20th century art. When he went against the principle of vision and painted more than one-third of the face in his self-portrait, it was undoubtedly a challenge for the audience. The paintings always give the impression of a lack of realism. Picasso always gave things meanings that they didn’t have, and that’s what makes Picasso’s work so much more fascinating.
  Still, not everyone saw Picasso that way. Before Picasso was alive, his changeable style attracted criticism and confusion. But Picasso has always had no time to take this into consideration. He works day and night, not searching, but discovering, and expressing these new discoveries in the form of art. For the political world, Picasso’s work has never been merciless. “Guernica” painted by Picasso in 1937 reflects the huge losses caused to “Guernica” by German air raids during the Spanish Civil War. This work ended her “life in exile” in New York only 25 years ago and returned to Spain. Aguila, director of the Sofia Museum in Madrid, said the work has great symbolic significance for Spain. Aguila once said: “The return of ‘Guernica’ to Spain symbolizes that Spanish society has returned to normal. It symbolizes that Spain has regained democracy and freedom. It also means that Picasso has rejoined the ranks of Spain’s international masters. .” Picasso also made it clear that as long as the fascists remained in power in Spain, his works could not be sent home. “Guernica” is Picasso’s most influential political work. But it is by no means the only time he involved politics in his artistic creation. Until his death in 1973, Picasso spent years in exile in France. During this period, the portrait of Stalin painted by Picasso, a member of the Communist Party, had no personality cult. In 1949, Picasso’s “Dove of Peace” is still often seen in anti-war demonstrations around the world. Like his painting style, Picasso’s private life is often the focus of discussion. He has been married twice and has dozens of lovers. The women around him often don’t get the least respect, but are just props for his creation. Picasso’s daughter Parroma said: “He connected everything with art, even at home. For him, there was no difference between the roles of a painter and a husband.” Picasso’s biographer Richardson also quoted this. A review by Marr, one of the artist’s most empathetic lovers. Although she speaks of Picasso’s post-Cubist period, her comments are best suited to the period in which he discovered Cubism. “There are five factors,” says Marr, “that determine his (Picasso’s) way of life and his style: the women he loves, the poets or poets who act as catalysts, the place where he lives, a place that offers envy and understanding (this It’s his circle of friends that he never feels enough), and the dog who is with him and cannot be separated for a moment.”

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