Monkeypox strikes, what should we do?

  Recently, the monkeypox epidemic has spread abroad, and cases of monkeypox have been reported in many countries. Monkeypox is uncommon, so what exactly is it? What should we do in the face of the monkeypox epidemic?
What is monkeypox?

  Monkeypox, caused by the monkeypox virus, is a zoonotic disease that can be transmitted between animals and humans, as well as secondary transmission between humans. The animal hosts of monkeypox virus in nature are rodents and primates.
  It should be noted that monkeypox virus is not a new virus. The new virus was discovered in 1958 after a group of monkeys shipped from Africa to Denmark developed blisters on the skin. But people didn’t know enough about the virus at the time to realize that it was a virus that could be transmitted to humans. In 1970, human infection with monkeypox virus was first discovered in Congo. Since then, the number of cases of human infection with monkeypox virus has gradually increased, mainly in the areas of Central Africa and West Africa where wild primates are concentrated. Beginning in 2003, the monkeypox virus began to appear in the United States, the United Kingdom, Singapore and other places along with the export of pets.
What are the symptoms of monkeypox?

  The main symptom of monkeypox in humans is a rash. The rash tends to be concentrated on the face, palms, and soles of the feet, and may also appear on the mouth, genitals, and eyes. The rash is somewhat similar to chickenpox and is filled with a clear or yellowish fluid that scabs and sloughs off later. Fever, severe headache, muscle aches, back pain, lack of energy, and swollen lymph nodes are usually preceded by symptoms of a rash.
  For most people, monkeypox is a self-limiting disease. Symptoms usually last 2 to 4 weeks, go away without treatment, and leave permanent scarring in the rash. But in newborns, children and people with underlying immune deficiencies, monkeypox virus can cause more severe symptoms and even death.
Smallpox vaccine protects against monkeypox

  Close relatives of monkeypox virus include smallpox virus and varicella virus. The clinical manifestations of monkeypox are similar to those of smallpox, with generalized herpes. It is precisely because of the similar characteristics of monkeypox virus and smallpox virus that smallpox vaccine can effectively prevent monkeypox. The smallpox virus vaccine “Tiantan strain” independently developed by my country has a very stable immune effect.
  Thankfully, the monkeypox virus has a much lower rate of human-to-human transmission than the smallpox virus. The monkeypox virus has a large genome, fewer mutations, and fewer variants, and it is not transmitted through aerosols. Moreover, the most typical route of transmission of monkeypox virus is from animals to humans, specifically through contact with the bodily fluids of animals infected with monkeypox virus, or by being scratched or bitten by them. Some studies have found that the transmission ability of monkeypox virus is very low, and the number of infected people is very limited, and the monkeypox virus will die out on its own during the transmission process.
How to Prevent Monkeypox Virus

  First, to reduce direct contact with wild animals. Most wild animals carry parasites, pathogenic bacteria and viruses, although in the long-term evolution, some wild animals can coexist with these parasites, bacteria and viruses, and are in a state of being disease-free. However, because humans are far away from the wild environment, they are very susceptible to infection after exposure to some parasites, bacteria and viruses in the wild.
  Second, wash your hands promptly after contact with animals, preferably with soap or an alcohol-based hand sanitizer. Both ultraviolet rays and general household disinfectants can effectively kill monkeypox virus, and regular disinfection and drying of clothes can also play a good preventive effect.
  Finally, be sure to stay away from game. 78% of human emerging infectious diseases are related to wildlife. In the process of slaughtering wild animals, the parasites, bacteria and viruses carried on the body will contaminate the cutting board and knives, and eventually infect humans. Therefore, to protect yourself, you must not only refuse to eat game, but also stay away from game.