News

King George VI: The Road to Life

  Unhappy Childhood
  
  George VI was born on December 14, 1895, the second son of King George V and Queen Mary. Although he was a descendant of the royal family at birth and enjoyed a high status, George VI’s childhood was not as happy as ordinary people imagined. Due to his background in the royal family, Qiao Qia’s parents basically did not have time to take good care of him, and the lack of maternal love cast a shadow over his childhood. George before the age of five spoke as fluently and naturally as any other child, but on his fifth birthday in 1900, his father, thinking he should be rigorously trained to fit his identity, wrote to him, “You have now At 5 years old, I hope you will try to be obedient and do what you are instructed to do right away, and start doing this early and you will find it very easy.” His life has changed dramatically since then. Since then, forced by his tutor, he has been left-handed since he was a child and had to use his right hand to write. It is also from then on that he began to suffer from stuttering. His siblings made fun of his stuttering and imitated him and made fun of him. He began to slowly become introverted and reluctant to talk to people. But his parents interpreted his silence as naughty and his shyness as an emotion. Over time, George’s stuttering became more and more obvious. Later, he visited famous doctors and followed their treatment methods, but all of them were ineffective. The results hit his confidence even more, and his stuttering got even worse. It wasn’t until he met Rainer Rogge, an Australian-born speech correction specialist, that his stuttering improved to some extent. According to the cause of George’s stuttering, Rogge took advantage of the situation and supplemented it with breathing training, so that he was basically able to complete large-scale speeches.
  Another worry for George is that he spends several hours a day doing splinting. George V had looped legs and passed it on to his son. Considering that the defect would not be commensurate with George’s future status, the king had an elaborate splint made for correction. By the time George was 9 years old, he began splinting his legs on a daily basis to correct his looped legs. Due to his young age and the tight and heavy splint, George often cried in pain, so much so that Finch, the footman who was responsible for putting on his leg clamps every night, couldn’t bear it, and let him take off the splint to sleep. But later, when the king found out about it, he summoned Finch to the library, stood up, lifted his trousers, and pointed at his two outwardly bent legs: “If the child grows up and his legs become like this, That’s your fault.” So young George had endured great pain, and the gritty character he later showed in “World War II” had a lot to do with it.
  Due to his leg defects and his acquired stutter, he became the laughing stock of his peers as a child. This made him slowly develop a timid, lack of confidence character, and these psychological barriers aggravated his stuttering, making him unable to express himself well in public. Therefore, although George came from the royal family, he had an unknown and unfortunate childhood.
  
  After a difficult marriage
  
  , George was sent to the Navy as a cadet in 1909, and then participated in the largest naval battle of the First World War, the Battle of Jutland. After World War I, George was sent to Trinity College in Cambridge for a year. In 1920, he was made Duke of York and began to represent the king in some official business. In 1921, in order to increase contact between nobles and commoners, he set up an annual “Duke of York Camp”, organizing students of noble schools and young factory workers to participate in excursions and competitions. It was during the camping that George met his true princess, Elizabeth Bowes-Lyon.
  The Bowes Lyons family lives in the beautiful scenery of a four-hundred-year-old pseudo-historic Gemmers Castle in the Scottish countryside. Elizabeth Bowes Lyon is the youngest daughter of Stethmer and Earl Kinghorn. Under the careful attention and education of her parents, Lyon is lively, lovely and knowledgeable. So George fell in love with her the first time he saw her. After obtaining the consent of George V, George happily proposed to Leon. However, in the face of the prince’s marriage proposal, Leon and his family were not flattered, especially Leon’s mother believed that having lived a life of royal responsibilities, it seemed to her carefree daughter who was just 20 years old. More of a torture than a bliss. But as an enlightened mother, she does not want to force her daughter, but to let her decide for herself. Leon is also very hesitant to face the most important choice in his life. He stuttered, appeared flustered and bewildered in public. But he was handsome, honest and sincere, and he didn’t have the playfulness of the noble children. At the same time, the mother’s concerns are not without reason. She grew up in a quiet country villa and was accustomed to the quiet country life, but if she married a prince, she would have to move to the bustling city of London to live, and thus fell into endless royal etiquette activities to socialize and socialize. This kind of life is not in line with her ideal rural pastoral quiet life. Therefore, in the face of George’s marriage proposal, she still shook her head resolutely and said to the prince euphemistically: “I have no mental preparation for this.” In the face of Leon’s rejection, the shy George did not give up, but exchanged for Leon’s love by smoking. In the end, after two rejections and nearly two years of waiting as a Baptist Master, Leon claimed to be fully prepared for the sacrifices it would take to become a member of the royal family, and agreed to George’s marriage proposal.
  However, the marriage did not end so perfectly, but caused widespread controversy. Because in George’s time, members of the British royal family had to marry other members of the royal family, not commoners. Although Leon is a descendant of the Scottish royal family, she herself is a commoner after all. Therefore, some nobles and church people believed that the marriage could not be established. However, most people have a positive view of the marriage and for good reason. First of all, after the “World War I”, the relations between countries were complicated, and it was unrealistic to force the royal families to be courteous to each other. It is best for the princess to choose among British girls. In addition, George was only the second heir to the throne at that time. In general, it was basically impossible to become king, so his wife was not a queen, and their descendants were unlikely to inherit the throne. Therefore, Leon can be a princess even though he is a commoner. Because the supporters were convincing and well-founded, the opponents were also persuaded and finally agreed to their marriage.
  On April 26, 1923, after a lot of hard work, the lovers finally entered the palace of marriage. The fledgling wedding was live-streamed by the fledgling BBC, making the couple household names. Prince George’s union with a commoner, Leon, was also seen as a sign of progress for the royal family, and was well-received by the general public and the press. The two married and had two daughters, the later Queen Elizabeth II and Princess Anne. The whole family gets along harmoniously and happily. However, a sudden change disrupted the family’s peaceful and harmonious life.
  
  Succession to the throne and restoration of the royal image
  
  Because George is the second son of King George V, according to British law, the British throne is passed on to the king’s eldest son. If there is no eldest son, his eldest daughter will inherit it. After the old King George V died in 1936, his eldest son, George’s older brother, Edward, succeeded him as Edward VIII. Although Edward was made crown prince at a very young age, he was not interested in royal affairs. He hates the cumbersome court etiquette and rules, and yearns for the unrestrained life of the commoners. In 1911, when he was 16 years old, he was awarded the title of Prince of Wales, but he appeared unhappy during the grand ceremony. In the First World War, despite his father’s dissuasion, he insisted on fighting with ordinary soldiers in France. In 1931, Edward met Mrs. Simpson, an American woman in her 30s. After Edward succeeded to the throne, he was still in love with Mrs. Simpson, who had been divorced twice, and hoped that the royal family would accept her, but was rejected by the royal family. Politicians from the Church of England, the United Kingdom and the Commonwealth all support the royal family’s position. Prime Minister Baldwin persuaded him that it would damage the reputation of the constitutional monarchy as a whole, and that didn’t change his mind. He had tried to ask Mrs. Simpson to marry him as a commoner, without any title, which was also refused. At that time, the news media in various countries had extensively reported this legendary political news, but Britain did not mention it at all. In order to quell the political crisis caused by marriage, he had to choose the only way out, abdication, showing the real version of “love the country and the beauty more”. On the evening of December 10, 1936, Edward VIII announced his abdication on the radio, and then quickly went to France to meet Mrs. Simpson.
  Because Edward VIII had no children, his abdication brought George to the forefront of British politics by surprise. At the beginning of his ascension to the throne, George VI faced a severe test. Edward VIII gave up the throne for Mrs. Simpson. To outsiders, it was really a love affair, but for the British royal family, it was an out-and-out scandal, which greatly damaged the image of the royal family. . Ordinary people in the UK began to doubt that the monarchy’s necessary burdens made him face long-term mental pressure, so he always used smoking to relieve the pressure, and later became addicted to smoking. In 1951, King George VI was diagnosed with lung cancer. Although he underwent multiple surgeries, he was unable to recover. George VI finally died in 1952. George VI’s funeral was held at St George’s Chapel in Windsor. The number of people who went to mourn was as high as one million, and one-third of the people queued for up to four hours, waiting to pay tribute to the remains of George VI. This shows people’s respect for the British royal family, and also shows the status of George VI in the hearts of the people. King George VI faced ups and downs in his life, but all of them depended on his strong perseverance to overcome them. Although he did not create the same great achievements as his predecessors, there are many extraordinary things in his ordinary life.