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Irtysh Grand Canyon Geological Wonders Wonderful Granite, One Stone One World

  For thousands of years, Wanhe Yinshui has flowed down from the snow-capped peaks of the Altai Mountains in Xinjiang and merged into the Irtysh River, the only river in China that flows into the Arctic Ocean. Due to the special geological structure, long-term wind and rain erosion, and running water cutting, many deep canyons have been created. The main body of the Altai Mountains is composed of granite, which forms a rich natural landscape corridor in the Irtysh Grand Canyon that integrates landscapes, grasslands, strange stones, and hot springs.
  The magic of nature has created all kinds of strange peaks. A stone is a mountain, and a mountain is a complete boulder, which is the most striking feature of the granite peaks in the canyon. The most imposing and most representative of the granite landforms of the Altai Mountains is the Shenzhong Mountain, a granite peak like a bell and a cone.
  Shenzhong Mountain rises from the valley, with blue sky and white clouds on its head, and the river water around its neck like a scarf. A poet once praised it: “The cliffs are inserted into the clouds, the cliffs push the water, and the lonely peaks stand proudly.” If the Irtysh River is a river day by day, nourishing a vibrant and colorful valley atmosphere: then the bell of the gods The mountain is one stone and one world, and its natural wonder of a single stone into a mountain shows the ingenious workmanship of nature, which makes people full of awe!
  What are the reasons and forces that give this place such a peculiar geographical “expression”? According to research by geological experts, the granite peaks in the upper reaches of the Irtysh River are mainly composed of Yanshan Mountains between about 208 million and 65 million years ago. Formed by granite. These granites were formed by the condensation of magma deep in the crust, and then gradually uplifted after hundreds of millions of years of tectonic changes.
  Compared with Huangshan, Huashan and Taishan, the granite landscape of Altai Mountain is unique. These granite peaks are mostly bell-shaped, dome-shaped, cone-shaped, and almost completely exposed pinnacles. The shape of their peaks is not mainly shaped by vertical fissures and flowing water erosion, but concentric layered fissures of the granite body along the parallel hillsides. It collapsed and collapsed, making the surface morphology of the mountain both round and smooth, but also very steep.
  What is even more peculiar is that the surface of the granite mountain here has many dense honeycomb-shaped pits and vertical grooves that look like solidified waterfalls. After investigation, these honeycomb pits are mainly formed by the differential weathering and freezing and thawing of ice and snow by inclusions with different material compositions in granite. And those vertical grooves are mainly traces left by the erosion of slope water and the water-rich pore zone on the rock surface due to repeated freezing and thawing.
  In Mongolian, this kind of granite landform is also called “Ash Hatu”, which means “dangerous rock”. Although it is not as tall and beautiful as many granite mountains in central and southern China, it has its own desolation, Simple and far-reaching mood.

  In the lofty mountains and mountains of Napo County, Guangxi, which borders Vietnam on the southwestern border of China, there lives a Zhuang tribe that calls itself “Min”. They worship black as a clothing color and as a national marker. Because he lived in the remote and barren Dashi Mountains for a long time, heiyizhuang followed the original ethnic customs in marriage, religion, production and life. Therefore, this nation “taking black as beauty” is hailed by anthropologists as the “living fossil” of the Zhuang people.
  Why did Heiyizhuang use black as a clothing color and a national mark? According to the long-term researcher of Heiyi Zhuang from Guangxi Academy of Social Sciences: Heiyi Zhuang uses “black” as a mark of wearing and a national identity, which is first of all related to the regulations of the chieftain system in history. All natives are only allowed to wear black and blue; secondly, the legend of the origin of black clothing also determines the formation and continuation of black clothing; black clothing still retains the tradition of wearing black, the main reason is The aesthetics of “Black is Beautiful” is deeply rooted in the hearts of the people. At the same time, the practicality of wearing and the generous, simple and beautiful style organically combine to improve the connotation of the black clothing culture.
  The sturdy man in black wears a blouse with a front flap, matching trousers with wide trousers and large trousers, a black cloth turban wrapped in several circles around his head, and a red cloth or red silk belt tied around his waist. It means to exorcise ghosts and evil spirits, and it also means to show the courage of men.
  Women like to wear tight-fitting short tops with a large right flap and a gourd-shaped short round neck, and the lower body is matched with trousers with wide trousers and large trousers. The waist is tied with a large apron made of black cloth; the scarves they wear are made by themselves The dyed long black cloth, when worn, is first wrapped around the head, then folded and placed in the shape of a large water chestnut, covered over the head, and then hung on the shoulders at both ends of the turban, which is simple and beautiful.
  The silver collar worn by strong women in black has both ends in the shape of a fish, like a pair of fish kissing each other. The silver collar is a must-have for black-clothed women when they get married, indicating that black-clothed Zhuang has the belief in the worship of fish totem. Historically, in the traditional rice farming areas of the Zhuang people, it was believed that people turned into fish after death. We have seen many little girls in the local area also wearing silver collars with Pisces kissing, which shows that the legacy of the culture of worshipping strong fish in black has evolved into the tradition of their own ethnic group.
  To this day, Napo Heiyizhuang still preserves the traditional indigo dyeing and weaving process, and its cultural connotation is very rich. They grow, weave, dye, and sew by themselves, which is an authentic original ecological craftsmanship.
  In autumn, when you go to a village with strong black clothes, you can see strips of indigo cloth hanging on the railings of every household, and the air is filled with the fragrance of indigo. In life, Heiyi Zhuang summed up a whole set of experience in indigo dyeing. Every household has a textile machine and a dye vat made of stone. The woven cloth is dyed with indigo and rinsed dozens of times, then boiled and dyed with cow glue and pig blood, rinsed and dried into black cloth. Finally, it has to be pulped. Clothes, beaten with a mallet for many times, in order to make a solid, flat, black and bright finished cloth. This process is full of Heiyizhuang’s peculiar life flavor and the poetry of traditional customs.