Find beauty in beautiful things

  Kant divides people’s psychological ability into three parts: “knowledge”, “feeling” and “meaning”, and believes that beauty is the part that specializes in “feeling”. Wang Guowei, Cai Yuanpei, etc. were directly influenced by this idea, and regarded aesthetic education as emotional education. In fact, the cultivation of a series of humanistic qualities such as human sensibility, imagination, and desire to create is also the content of aesthetic education, and emotional education is only one of them. The construction of aesthetic psychology and the realization of the integrity and freedom of human nature are the essence and ultimate goal of aesthetic education. If a person is fortunate enough to come into contact with truly beautiful things, this kind of beauty will subtly take root in his heart and become his requirement for the quality of life. No matter where he is or what profession he is engaged in, this kind of beauty will accompany him for the rest of his life. With the development of science and technology and the improvement of people’s material and cultural level, aesthetics occupies an increasingly important position in human life, and it enters all fields of human life with the improvement of people’s spiritual needs. It can be said that aesthetics involves all aspects of human life, including natural beauty, social beauty, artistic beauty, as well as beauty salons, image design, clothing, home decoration and so on in daily life. If a person can distinguish what is ugly, even if he lacks the opportunity to touch beautiful things, he will never fall into the whirlpool of vulgarity and ugliness. If you know what ugliness is, you will naturally avoid ugliness and pursue true beauty.
  No aesthetic power is a terminal illness, and knowledge cannot save it.
  Schiller said: “To find beauty in beautiful things is the task of aesthetic education.”
  Mu Xin said: “Without aesthetic power, it is a terminal illness, and knowledge also It can’t be saved.”
  Countless people attach great importance to the power of aesthetics, how important is aesthetics?
  Why are the streets full of “toilets”?
  A German friend and I traveled back to my hometown in Jiangsu. We drove through many small towns in China, from Hebei to Shandong to Jiangsu.
  Along the way, he always seemed to be very worried but wanted to talk about it. Finally, when he was having dinner in my hometown, he finally couldn’t help but ask me: “Why are all the streets in China’s cities and towns full of toilets?”
  This question makes me stupid.
  After discussing for a long time, I figured out that there was a huge oolong in his question. The toilets facing the street are actually the houses of our urban residents. The reason he mistakenly thinks the toilets is that the residential buildings facing the street are all covered with a kind of vertical tiles.
  He said that in Germany, only the outer wall of the toilet is covered with that kind of tile, and I was petrified in an instant.
  He went on to ask: Why do urban residents’ houses look exactly the same from Beijing to Hebei to Shandong to Jiangsu? Are they all two-story buildings with floor-to-ceiling doors and windows facing the street, living on the second floor, with the same tiles and the same decoration?
  In fact, this question has been haunting me for a long time.
  In the early days of reform and opening up, when I was young, I used to collect stamps from houses in various places. At that time, the dwellings in various places had their own characteristics, and they were full of local customs, architectural science, and aesthetic systems.
  But why have the dwellings in towns and cities across the country unwittingly converged over the past few decades? And this aesthetic is not a high-level convergence, why is this?
  Later, the real reason was found only by studying the process of European industrialization and the entire history of human development.
  Industrialization is a de-tribal development logic. Because of the needs of industrialized large-scale production, people broke the original agricultural civilization tribe and integrated elements such as land, manpower, and capital into cities and towns, so there has been a large-scale convergence in the popularity of clothing, architecture, and culture and art. This has also created numerous large-scale popular cultural phenomena since the European and American industrial civilization.
  China’s reform and opening up is also going through such a process in the past few decades. This “toilet-style” dwelling is actually an architectural pop culture in the process of China’s industrialization and urbanization.
  However, this culture has not only failed to effectively inherit the aesthetic system of ancient Chinese architecture, but also failed to learn the essence of Western architecture. The “toilet-style” dwellings that are not foreign or local are popular in China like a virus. Great river north and south.
  Most of the middle and highly developed provinces and cities have been infected with this low-level epidemic without exception. It exudes the embarrassing rural atmosphere of the urban-rural junction, which is also my embarrassment when facing my German friends.
  Why have you been in the atmosphere of “Run Tu” for a long time?
  So, why is this “earth” consciousness that lacks the perception of beauty so deeply rooted in Chinese society today? Let’s rediscover what beauty is.
  Beauty is actually the degree of identification with good, so people often say: beautiful. It is a kind of life attitude that has good requirements for things. It is not only a vision, but also contains a series of good requirements such as attitude towards others, various experiences, and the spirit of service.
  Soil is because there is no requirement for various things, or it has entered the stage of paranoia for a wrong requirement.
  Western style, in fact, is not really foreign, but because of beauty, beauty is the degree of identification with good.
  Well, it is an advancement of Good, Better, Best, Great…
  Good is common sense, that is, to do it well, you need to have a common sense cognition of one thing and a profession.
  Better is technology that requires a certain level of complex and deliberate training in order to achieve high quality in one thing.
  Best is a secret. You need to gain insight into some hidden logic and relationships in order to discover the real secret of doing something well.
  Great is art, that is, the ability to cooperate with elements at will, and to make truly great works or services.
  From this point of view, in fact, “earth” is that we don’t even know Good. There is a huge gap between this cognitive defect and Great’s art.
  The exaggerated Chinese hip-hop style, the most dazzling ethnic style that floats on the streets, the color combination of emerald green and emerald red, the real reason behind it is not poverty, but the inner cognition of beauty and goodness. utter scarcity.
  Among the many abilities of human beings, aesthetics is a completely acquired ability. It is indeed not inherited in genes, but it is easily affected by group coercion.
  That’s why almost everyone has an unforgettable childhood photo of “Run Tu”. Why did everyone become more and more Western-style when they entered the university and then went abroad?
  The reason is simple: we don’t really understand what beauty is until we have seen a lot of beautiful things.
  The lack of aesthetic power is a new kind of ignorance. The famous
  French sculptor Rodin once said: “Life is not the lack of beauty, but the lack of eyes to discover beauty.” For example, facing the sea, poets have written countless poems; Now, just like the joke in the sketch: “The sea is really big!” Because I don’t understand it, my life lacks the essence of appreciating beauty.
  Mr. Wu Guanzhong said: “There are not many illiterate people, but a lot of beauty blindness.”
  Countless poor life scenes have been reminding us: don’t think that everyone has eyes, in fact, there are too few people who retain visual arousal.

  From the “post-60s” to the “post-90s”, we have never received good aesthetic nourishment in the learning process, and even have little contact with high-quality aesthetic education materials in books. Otherwise, why do our primary and secondary school textbooks, supplementary materials, and even extracurricular reading materials still have a strong lingering “run soil” atmosphere to this day?
  Where has the originally restrained and quiet Chinese oriental aesthetic gone?
  Historically, many of China’s unique oriental aesthetics seem to be out of date. However, now in our field of vision, that indifferent, lazy and vulgar design really leaves people speechless.
  Courses related to aesthetics, such as art and music, have always been regarded as “sub-subjects” by the official and the public. This phenomenon seems to be getting better today, but the holes dug by three or four generations cannot be filled in one or two generations.
  Aesthetic education with complex variables is particularly important in today’s era.
  In the future, knowledge = experience × sensitivity, which is also a redefinition of knowledge. Most of our memory capacity and storage of stock knowledge will be replaced by cloud storage, and even algorithms representing logical thinking will become open-source infrastructure due to cloud computing.
  Just as the ability to run fast determined our survival thousands of years ago, today’s transportation infrastructure redefines not only efficiency, but also how we survive.
  The experience mentioned here includes sight, hearing, taste, smell…and the sensitivities that rise to empathy and discrimination.
  Experience ability is the basic ability, and sensitivity is the coefficient of this ability effect. That is, if we lack experience and sensitivity, we will become ignorant people in the future.
  Give yourself more opportunities to get in touch with beautiful things.
  How to gain experience and sensitivity for future needs? There is a “shortcut” and that is art.
  It’s not about being an “artist” or a “professional artist”, it’s about having a subtle way of life.
  Beauty is not something that is cold and difficult to achieve. Don’t stay at home on weekends, go to climb the nearest mountain, look at the nearest sea, it’s an opportunity to get in touch with beautiful things. If it is not convenient to travel, it is also a good choice to take a look at art books.
  Expose yourself to more beautiful things and beautiful sights, and feel the beauty of nature, architecture, poetry, music, painting, etc. I believe that this perception and enjoyment of beauty will be hidden on your face, infiltrated your heart, and accompany you for life . It’s easy to shine in your life without any effort.
  The act of harming beauty has never disappeared in human society, but it has never been as severe as it is today. The lack of aesthetics is like another “war” we are encountering. Too many things that lack aesthetics around us give us too many restrictions. In this situation, aesthetics has also become the meaning of our detachment from the present and the pursuit of eternity.

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