It is said that no ancient creature has fascinated humans as much as dinosaurs! Indeed, over the centuries, people’s feelings have been mixed with awe and love for these long-extinct ancient beasts. Especially children, many of them are walking “dinosaur encyclopedias”, not only familiar with the names and characteristics of various dinosaurs, but also often arguing about “which dinosaur is more powerful”. The Children’s Encyclopedia of Dinosaurs is said to outsell traditional children’s literature such as Hans Christian Andersen’s Fairy Tales. Even an adult “big friend” will still be “uncontrollable” in front of dinosaurs. Dinosaurs play a pivotal role in various industries in the world, including books, games, paintings, cartoons and toy models. business value. In 1993, “Jurassic Park” directed by Steven Spielberg earned more than $1 billion at the box office, and as a follow-up “Jurassic World” series of films, the first two have also swept the world. grossed more than $5 billion at the box office. Now, the long-awaited “Jurassic World 3” by “dinosaur fans” is making a comeback, bringing this prehistoric beast “to” the real world.
Influenced by various prehistoric cultures, many people are gradually dissatisfied with watching dinosaurs only on pictures and screens. People are thinking: If you can see real dinosaurs like “Jurassic Park”, how much would it be? it is good! Unfortunately, this long-extinct animal cannot meet people’s needs, so the fossils collected in many museums have become the best way for people to understand and appreciate dinosaurs. As a creature that once ruled the earth for 160 million years, the footprints of dinosaurs can be said to be all over the world. Therefore, many museums and parks based on dinosaur archaeological sites have become the best places for “dinosaur fans” all over the world.
A “gold rush” for dinosaur lovers
In people’s minds, the western United States may look like the vast Gobi, magnificent canyons, majestic cowboys, and batch after batch of gold diggers in history. However, since Carnegie’s excavation team discovered here a hundred years ago After a large number of dinosaur fossils, this place has become a “gold rush” for dinosaur lovers. At the junction of Utah and Colorado, there is the world’s largest dinosaur park – Utah National Dinosaur Park, which covers an area of more than 300 square kilometers. It is also known as Alberta Provincial Dinosaur Park in Canada and Zigong Dinosaur Museum in China. “Three Dinosaur Field Museums in the World”. It is also the only place in the world where 1,500 dinosaur skeletons can be seen.
Dinosaur images in various film and television works.
The Dinosaur Diamond Prehistoric Highway, the epic name for this loop road that traverses Utah and Colorado, is recognized as the best place in the world to explore dinosaur footprints. This is a road full of American “Western feeling”, wild and magnificent along the way. Most of the uneven roads are Gobi and desert. Scattered bushes and weeds are struggling to survive among the stones along the road. Some withered and fallen trees are like cowboys in Western movies to avoid the pursuit of the enemy. props, and the huge rocks and gentle hills in the distance tell the people who come here about the changes of time and the vicissitudes of geological activities.
Since dinosaur fossils were first unearthed more than 100 years ago, it has become a paleontologist’s paradise. The financial sponsorship provided by the “steel king” Carnegie at that time also made the dinosaur fossil mining business develop in full swing. As a result, more and more paleontological fossils were discovered here. In the same place and the same era, not only a large number of Dinosaur fossils, as well as abundant plant fossils. All these provide a strong physical basis for modern people to restore the ecological appearance of the Jurassic. When every tourist arrives on this road, they will stop the car, close their eyes and feel it, imagining time travel: hundreds of millions of years ago, this place was covered with huge ferns, and the world overlords at that time – dinosaurs. Walking through the land next to them, some of them are huge and ferocious, some are cunning and clever, and some are gentle and comfortable…
Because it is at the junction of the two states, Utah National Dinosaur Park has 2 entrances. The east gate is in Utah, which is the site of the dinosaur excavation site; the south gate is in Colorado, mainly to see the mountains and rivers in terms of geology. A river divides the Dinosaur Park into two parts, but a pass can be used for 7 days, enough to visit both sides. The site where dinosaurs were excavated has now become a “quarry visitor center”, and the name suggests that this was the site of the excavation. After that, you can take a shuttle bus to a modern building made of glass, which is the National Dinosaur Memorial Center. However, both staff and tourists like to call this “Dinosaur Cemetery Exhibition Hall”. Among the four walls of the exhibition hall, three sides are glass, and the remaining one is a steeply inclined rock layer, which is inlaid with countless dinosaur bones, which truly shows the original buried state of the fossils. Dinosaur Bone Repository”. Here you can see the main dinosaur species of the late Jurassic period, such as the huge Diplodocus, Brontosaurus, Yuandingosaurus, the strange-shaped Stegosaurus and the ferocious Carnosaurus, as well as their companion animal and plant fossils. In appreciation of Carnegie’s financial support for the fossil excavation at the time, it is also known as the “Carnegie Stone Pit”.
Utah National Dinosaur Park is the only place in the world where 1,500 dinosaur skeletons can be seen.
Utah National Dinosaur Park is the only place in the world where 1,500 dinosaur skeletons can be seen.
This is “Jurassic Park” in the true sense. Although there is no high-tech in the movie to “reanimate” dinosaurs, but looking at the huge dinosaur skeleton in the rock, the sense of intimacy and realism that this behemoth is around is in the You can’t find it in ordinary museums. Visitors visiting this exhibition hall do not have to look up or bow their heads when visiting many traditional exhibition halls. Here, according to the dinosaur fossil specimens of different sizes and heights, a hanging visiting route is designed, forming a three-dimensional space route, so that tourists can be at the same level. See dinosaur specimens clearly at high close range. The Triceratops skull fossil protruding from the wall is in front of you, and the fossil of the Hadrosaurus can be clearly seen under the glass floor. People seem to be at the excavation site, exploring the secrets of this ancient behemoth immersively. Through the glass wall on the other side, you can also visit the working process of the laboratory personnel cleaning and splicing fossils, which further deepens the sense of participation of tourists. There are also sand pits surrounded by boxes in the exhibition hall, and there are dinosaur models, such as Stegosaurus and Ceratosaurus, beside the pits. The bunkers corresponding to these dinosaurs are “buried” with related “fossil bones”. Many children wear yellow safety helmets and hold small brushes to dig and clean up “fossils” exactly like the staff. Excessive addiction to paleontologists. The parents next to them looked envious: Why are only children allowed to enter the sandpit to experience it? Fortunately, there are also popular science experiences for adults in the exhibition hall. People can look for models of dinosaur bone fossils in boxes and install them in the corresponding positions on the fossil wall, as if all the fossils on the wall were assembled and restored by themselves. It’s an overwhelming sense of achievement!
The natural landscape of Alberta Dinosaur Park is dominated by valleys and grasslands, trying to maintain the original natural state. Now it has become a habitat for various birds. In winter, rare animals such as pronghorn antelope and white-tailed deer come to breed here, adding new life to the dinosaur park.
The Royal Tyrrell Museum is the largest and most comprehensive museum of paleontology in the world.
Walking out of the exhibition hall, it is the outdoor part of the dinosaur park. If you are lucky, you can also see the clean-up site of the fossil excavation of the archaeological team. Outside, children would be heard cheering or arguing from time to time, and they would discuss whether the land under their feet was covered with dinosaur footprints billions of years ago, what kind of dinosaur land was once here, and what the children were most interested in. Topic – which dinosaur is the most powerful.
Why do kids love dinosaurs? Child psychologist Shep White explained that because dinosaurs were “giant, ferocious, and extinct.” Huge, symbolizing strength, children always fantasize about gaining greater power; violent, representing excitement and adventure; extinct, representing children’s desire for knowledge and exploration. Holding a dinosaur toy in his hand, this huge power and stimulation is mastered by one hand, which undoubtedly has a huge sense of achievement and control, and the desire for adventure and exploration is essential for children in the process of understanding the world. Dinosaurs are always shrouded in mystery, they are the link between the child’s fantasy world and the real world. Dinosaurs are extinct animals. No one has ever seen a real dinosaur. It poses no threat to our real life, but it did exist. Dinosaurs happened to appear in the overlapping area of the two worlds. At the same time, it eliminates the fear of danger in children. It can be said that dinosaurs gave children wings of imagination and added fuel to their curiosity.
Perhaps, on this Gobi, which has experienced vicissitudes of life, among the rocks that record the changes of the earth’s crust layer by layer, next to the fossils of giant creatures that have long been extinct, is a paradise for children’s imaginations to let their imaginations run wild. Among the children who say “Which dinosaur is the most powerful”, there may be the one who solves the eternal mystery of the extinction of dinosaurs.
Tyrannosaurus rex is the most powerful! Who is against it?
In fact, the debate about which dinosaur is the most powerful does not seem to be limited to children, and many experts are also blushing because of this issue. But no matter how you argue, there is always one name – Tyrannosaurus Rex.
Tyrannosaurus rex can be said to be one of the most well-known dinosaurs. It lived in the late Cretaceous period and was one of the latest extinct dinosaurs. It can be said to be the last glory of the dinosaur world. Tyrannosaurus rex combines all the terrifying fantasies people have about the prehistoric beasts of dinosaurs – huge, brutal, and strong. When the dinosaur was excavated in 1901, it was predicted to be larger than any known carnivorous dinosaur at the time, and it quickly became a worldwide sensation. In 1905, paleontologist Osborne officially named it “Tyrannosaurus Rex”, where “Tyrannosaurus” is Greek and means “tyrant lizard”, and “Rex” is Latin for “king”. So, according to the literal translation, this creature should be called “King of Tyrannosaurus”. But in China, people gave it a more domineering name – Tyrannosaurus Rex. In almost all movies, books and stories about dinosaurs, Tyrannosaurus Rex mostly appears as the ultimate “big devil”. Even the monster Godzilla in people’s fantasy was created with Tyrannosaurus Rex as the prototype. It is worthy of its title as “king”.
Straight north from Nevada, Alberta Dinosaur Park in Canada was once home to the Tyrannosaurus Rex. Alberta Dinosaur Park is located in the area of the Red Deer River in the southwest corner of Alberta, Canada. This park has a very strange terrain. The wilderness here is strangely shaped, forming stone pillars, mountain peaks and overlapping colored rock formations. In addition to the beautiful scenery, the park is home to a number of extremely important dinosaur fossils dating back 75 million years.
Alberta Dinosaur Park is the world’s richest known area of dinosaur fossil burials, and in 1979 it was approved as a natural heritage by the UNESCO World Heritage Committee for inclusion on the World Heritage List. Unlike Nevada’s Jurassic-dominated Dinosaur Park, Alberta Dinosaur Park is home to the largest concentration of dinosaur fossils from the late Cretaceous period, the time when Tyrannosaurus rex lived. Unlike today’s cold climate, the Cretaceous Alberta region was a low-lying coastal plain with large shallow seas. The climate was subtropical, and countless animals were in their prime, fish, amphibians, reptiles, primitive mammals, Primitive birds, as well as the overlords of the earth at that time – dinosaurs. The prosperity of life collapsed in the face of a huge disaster, followed by hundreds of millions of years of vicissitudes, the migration of the crustal plates, the arrival and disappearance of the glacial period, and a large amount of melted ice water flowing into the sand and soil layers, gradually forming the Red Deer Valley. , exposing the sedimentary layers with fossils. In 1889, Tyrell, a young geologist of the Canadian Geological Association, first discovered the skulls of carnivorous dinosaurs in the park. Since then, new discoveries have continued, and in 1898, the Geological Society of Canada identified the area as a rich layer of dinosaur fossils, and three years later published the first detailed report on dinosaur fossils in Alberta. As a result, a “dinosaur fever” has been set off in the Red Deer Valley, and paleontologists from all over the world have flocked to excavate more than 300 well-preserved dinosaur skeleton fossils within a range of 27 kilometers. These dinosaur bones represent about 60 different species of dinosaurs, the most famous of which is Tyrannosaurus rex. In the Tyrannosaurus family, there is a genus named “Albertosaurus” because it was found in the Alberta area. Although Albertosaurus was slightly smaller than other tyrannosaurs, it was still the top predator at that time, and most of the fossils of Albertosaurus were collected in the Royal Canadian Tyrrell in the Dinosaur Park. in the museum.
The Royal Tyrrell Museum is one of the largest and most comprehensive paleontological museums in the world, named after Tyrrell, the paleontologist who first discovered “Albertosaurus” here. It has the largest dinosaur exhibition hall in the world, displaying the largest number of dinosaur bones in the world. In addition, the museum uses a lot of modern equipment such as sound and light, which fully presents the desert scene of the Red Deer Valley in the ancient world. In addition to dinosaurs, the Royal Tyrrell Museum also strives to paint a vivid picture of ancient times, with trilobites, primitive snails and ancient plants, fish, reptiles, etc., making people feel like they are in a time tunnel and roaming the earth. 4 billion years of life.
“Scotty” and “Su”, who is bigger?
In addition to the exhibition of dinosaur fossils, the Royal Tyrrell Museum also regularly excavates and inspects dinosaur fossils, and successfully triggered a big discussion on “Which Tyrannosaurus Rex is bigger”.
In 1990, a very complete Tyrannosaurus rex fossil was discovered in South Dakota, USA. In honor of its discoverer, the fossil was named “Su”. “Su” has long been considered the largest tyrannosaur ever discovered, and Chicago’s Field Museum of History collected it for $8.36 million, the highest price ever paid for a paleontological fossil at auction. When the Tyrannosaurus Rex swept the world in the 1990s, “Su” can almost be said to be the “idol” of children in North America. “Su” brought a large number of visitors to the museum after the exhibition, and toys and souvenirs related to “Su” were also sold out. After all, it is the biggest Tyrannosaurus rex, the overlord of overlords, who wouldn’t like it?
In 1991, the Royal Tyrrell Museum expedition team found a huge Tyrannosaurus rex fossil in Saskatchewan, Canada during an expedition. To celebrate this exciting discovery, the expedition team opened a bottle of ” Scotty” Scotch Whisky, and later simply named the T-Rex fossil with “Scotty”. However, at the time, the discovery had not caused such a big controversy, because it was not until 1994 that the Royal Tyrrell Museum decided to excavate “Scotty”, and the excavation and cleanup work took nearly 20 years. During the excavation, through the study and observation of the leg bones of “Scotty”, the expedition team believed that “Scotty” was older than “Su” and had thicker hind legs. According to the estimates of the leg bone fossils, “Scotty” is about 5% larger than “Su”, replacing “Su” as the “largest Tyrannosaurus Rex” in one fell swoop.
Left: Tyrannosaurus rex, one of the last dinosaurs to go extinct. The teeth of Tyrannosaurus rex were conical, suitable for crushing bones, while the teeth of most carnivorous dinosaurs were mostly used for piercing and cutting. Right: Ancient animal fossils on display at the Royal Tyrrell Museum.
Ancient animal fossils on display at the Royal Tyrrell Museum.
This research quickly caused an uproar, triggering a “war of words” among paleontologists and “little dinosaur fans”. Supporters of “Scotty” believe that it is older, with thicker leg bones, and it must be able to support more weight, so there is no doubt that “Scotty” is bigger; supporters of “Su” believe that, There are errors in both the data and the measurement method only by measuring the leg bones, and although the integrity of “Scotty” has reached 65%, it is far less than “Su” whose integrity has reached 90%, and a large number of bones are missing. There is simply not enough evidence to keep the size of “Scotty” in a state of speculation, so “Su” is still the largest Tyrannosaurus rex in the world. In this “two dragons fight” debate, paleontologists are seeking the truth, museums may be fighting for fame and status, and children may be just curious and thirst for knowledge, but for whatever reason, this The debate undoubtedly proves that the Tyrannosaurus Rex is the real king of the dinosaur world and the most concerned and loved dinosaur. It is no wonder that in various forms of works, Tyrannosaurus Rex has become the symbol and “spokesperson” of the prehistoric era.
Jurassic “orthodox” in Zigong
Dinosaurs have swept the world with the popularity of American culture, making many people jealous of the dinosaur parks in North America. In fact, there are no less dinosaur fossils found in Asia than in the Americas, and in China, there is a dinosaur park known as one of the “Three Great Field Dinosaur Parks in the World”, and this dinosaur museum was evaluated by the American “National Geographic” as “” The best dinosaur museum in the world”, it is the Sichuan Zigong Dinosaur Museum. Like the Terracotta Warriors and Sanxingdui, the Zigong Dinosaur Museum is a museum built on the site of the archaeological site. This archaeological site is the world-famous “Dashanpu Dinosaur Fossil Group Site”.
The exhibition hall of Zigong Dinosaur Museum.
In the Jurassic period more than 100 million years ago, the Zigong area was an alluvial plain with flat terrain and crisscrossed rivers. Because of the hot climate and lush vegetation, it has attracted a large number of dinosaurs to “settle down” here. It is a veritable dinosaur paradise. The Dashanpu in Zigong is a calm sandy shoal. The dead and dinosaur corpses that were “carried” by the river from a distance were buried by the sand on the shoal. The accumulation of corpses and the burial of sediment alternated for a long period of time, and after a long accumulation of 100 million to 200 million years, the fossil-bearing sandstone layers seen today were finally formed. The characteristic of this sandstone layer is that dinosaur fossils are very dense. Nearly 100 individual dinosaur fossils have been excavated in two areas of more than 800 square meters. There are more than 30 complete and relatively complete skeletons. It was “in captivity” at that time. The Zigong Dinosaur Museum located here includes almost all the known types of dinosaurs in the Jurassic period from 205 million to 135 million years ago. It is currently the place with the largest collection and display of Jurassic dinosaur fossils in the world.
Zigong is a famous “Salt Capital” in China. Its name comes from the combined names of the two salt wells, “Ziliujing” and “Gongjing”. For thousands of years, Zigong has been famous for its salt throughout the country. In 1915, American geologist Lauder Burke recovered the fossils of giant carnivorous dragons in Rong County, Zigong. This major discovery opened the door to another treasure house for the “Salt Capital”. In 1972, the discovery of dinosaur tail vertebra fossils in Dashanpu made archaeologists realize that there may be a large number of dinosaur fossils buried here, so they carried out large-scale investigation and excavation activities. With the re-emergence of a large number of dinosaur fossils, Zigong has attracted the attention of many domestic and foreign paleontologists, and this treasure house has shocked the world.
The biggest feature of Zigong dinosaur fossils is that quite a few are new species, filling many gaps in dinosaur research: the second longest dragon in Asia with a length of 20 meters, herbivorous long-neck sauropod dinosaurs, ferocious carnivorous dinosaurs, short stature The ornithopod dinosaurs and the precious primitive stegosaurus are extremely rare in the strata of the same geological age at home and abroad.
The “Dashanpu Dinosaur Group Cave” is called a wonder of the world. This group of dragon caves is like a huge “dinosaur cemetery”, and the treasures in the Zigong Museum are fully worthy of the scientific research value that experts have evaluated so highly. Due to geological activities, many dinosaur fossils are densely stacked together, and almost all fossils maintain their original burial condition. Thousands of dinosaur fossils are either connected end to end, or reset and stacked, or staggered, which is breathtaking. . There is also the most primitive and complete stegosaurus in the world – Taibai Huayangosaurus, the world’s most complete small ornithopod dinosaur – Lloyd’s Lingsaurus, the world’s most complete carnivorous dinosaur – Hepingyongchuanosaurus , and so on, these fossils are all world-class treasures. Experts from many paleontological museums in the world came here and expressed their “crying”. In addition to the collections, the architecture of the museum itself is also worth mentioning. The Zigong Dinosaur Museum is a classic design of modern museums in my country, and has won awards such as “China Architectural Design Annual Gold Award” and “Chinese Architecture Centennial Classic”. The building of the museum is based on the concept of “the prehistoric era, a pile of fossils”, and the shape of the boulder is the basis for the shape. It looks like a giant “cave” from a distance, but for more tourists, the first sight of this museum is You will feel that this is a huge stegosaurus with its neck stretched and its head lowered, as if it is grazing, it is both quiet and heavy and full of movement.
The Dashanpu Dinosaur Fossil Site was discovered in 1972, and a large number of precious dinosaur fossils have been unearthed one after another, becoming a rare treasure house of fossils.
China Zigong Dinosaur Museum, Utah National Dinosaur Park and Alberta Dinosaur Park in Canada are known as “the world’s three largest dinosaur field museums”. Zigong Dinosaur Museum, known as the “Oriental Dragon Palace”, became the first batch of national geological parks in 2002.
Coming out of the museum, looking at this huge stegosaurus-like building, as if it really came to life, walking past people leisurely, pterosaurs gliding across the sky, tyrannosaurs hovering waiting for an opportunity to hunt, big and small The herbivorous dinosaurs bask lazily in the lakes and swamps… In the era when they ruled the earth, the ancestors of mammals were just small mouse-like beasts, struggling to reproduce in the shadow of giant dinosaurs. In the vicissitudes of life, humans replaced dinosaurs as the masters of the earth. Looking at the remains of these overlords who once ruled the earth, I couldn’t help feeling filled with emotion.
Many science fiction novels are imagining, without that devastating impact, what would the dinosaur world have been like? Will they gradually adapt to the environment and continue to evolve, developing their own civilization? Will dinosaurs still dominate the earth to this day, and humans will never be born? In the short story “Fate” by science fiction writer Liu Cixin, this scenario is imagined: one day in the future, a newlywed couple goes to space for their honeymoon, accidentally travels through a wormhole to 60 million years ago, and discovers an asteroid It was about to hit the earth, so they destroyed the asteroid using the weapons on the spacecraft. Such a “hands-on” saved the dinosaurs, and when they traveled back to the present time, the dinosaurs have developed a highly developed civilization, and humans are just “exhibits” for them to watch in the zoo built by dinosaurs, or just their daily “snacks” “. Of course, this is just a science fiction novel, but it wants to tell us that human beings may not be “children of destiny”, and the birth of human beings and the domination of the earth may only be superimposed one by one by accident. No matter how long dinosaurs ruled the earth, they ceased to exist under the power of nature. We should revere nature while transforming nature. This is the only way for mankind to continue to develop and continue.