Myth: Liposuction can suck out subcutaneous fat, and obesity is caused by too much fat, so liposuction can achieve immediate weight loss results. is this real?
The full name of liposuction is liposuction, and some people call it liposuction weight loss (abbreviation liposuction).
Since the 1970s and 1980s, with the birth of wet liposuction technology and tumescent anesthesia technology, liposuction has become a routine operation item in plastic surgery. In particular, the combination of liposuction and fat grafting can help beauty seekers to lose weight where they want to be thin and gain weight where they want to be fat, so many beauty seekers flock to them.
The operating principle of liposuction is not complicated. Taking abdominal liposuction as an example, in clinical operation, the doctor will first choose a relatively hidden incision, and insert a metal hollow tube about 50 cm long through the small incision in the skin. into the subcutaneous fat layer. Subsequently, a tumescent fluid containing lidocaine, epinephrine, and saline is injected into the aspirated fat layer, which simultaneously anesthetizes, creates an operating space, and converts the fat into pieces. Finally, the doctor will use a negative pressure suction device to suck out the fat fragments in small amounts and multiple times. If there is a lot of fat extracted, the doctor will also use special radio frequency equipment to heat the skin to tighten the local skin and avoid the formation of unsightly skin folds after surgery.
Successful liposuction can improve a person’s body shape, and some people can also improve health risks caused by obesity by reducing adipose tissue. Common liposuction procedures include abdominal, inner thigh, and inner forearm liposuction.
Is Liposuction Weight Loss?
Obesity is the abnormal deposition of fat in the body caused by a variety of reasons, among which visceral fat accounts for a large proportion, and liposuction can only reduce the deep subcutaneous fat in some parts to a certain extent, which is very important for real weight loss. For many years, relying on liposuction is far from enough. To be precise, liposuction is a cosmetic surgery for local shaping, not weight loss surgery. It is more suitable for beauty lovers who only have local fat accumulation and are difficult to shape through exercise.
There are many factors for the formation of obesity, the most common ones are simple obesity caused by irregular and unscientific diet and lack of exercise. Therefore, we should start with the initiating factors, start with the causes of obesity, control diet, live within our means, keep exercising, and develop good living habits. These are the real ways to lose weight.
Will it bounce back after surgery?
Liposuction mainly sucks deep subcutaneous fat, while superficial fat needs to be strictly controlled. Once excessive, it will cause local unevenness, skin folds, and even local skin ischemic necrosis and other complications. When sucking abdominal fat, a certain thickness of subcutaneous fat should be left in order to achieve a full but not bloated local shape. Therefore, liposuction reduces the localized fat cells, but does not completely eliminate them.
In every adult human body, there are tens of billions of fat cells, which form adipose tissue. Adipocytes proliferate in large numbers in early childhood, reach their peak in adolescence, and generally do not increase thereafter. The fatness and thinness of the human body are determined by the number and size of fat cells. The size of fat cells varies with race, gender, and living environment. Fat cells can be as small as 20 microns in diameter and as large as 200 microns in diameter. In individual cases, the volume of fat cells can increase up to 1000 times.
Therefore, after liposuction, if you do not adhere to a healthy lifestyle, there is still a possibility of rebound, because although the number of fat cells is reduced, the volume of each cell will increase.
Are Liposuction Risky?
Any surgery has risks, and liposuction is no exception. Common complications of liposuction include hematoma, skin ecchymosis, decreased skin sensation, skin folds and unevenness, and wound infection. More serious complications include skin necrosis and fat embolism.
Hematoma formation is the most common complication. Hematoma is mostly caused by inaccurate intraoperative operation levels, damage to larger blood vessels, or insufficient pressure during postoperative bandaging. Once a hematoma is found, the effusion can be drawn out by local puncture and bandaged under pressure.
Skin ecchymosis is mostly caused by damage to the vascular network under the dermis. Generally, the parts where too much fat has been sucked are more likely to be damaged. This situation does not need to be dealt with, and it can be absorbed by itself 2 to 3 weeks after the operation.
Loss of skin sensation or numbness is also relatively common. Almost every beauty seeker after liposuction has different degrees of skin sensation loss, and most of them can recover within 3 to 6 months after surgery.
Skin folds tend to appear in a small number of beauty seekers with poor skin elasticity.
The unevenness of the liposuction site is caused by the superficial level of the surgical operation and the uneven control of the suction volume during the suction process. With the prolongation of the recovery time, the unevenness will improve, but in severe cases, it needs to be repaired again through surgery.
Widespread infections are uncommon, and this complication can be avoided entirely with proper procedures. Occasionally, localized infection at the incision site was seen, which was related to the friction of the suction tube on the incision, which aggravated the damage of the incision site.
Once an infection is found, the sutures can be removed, the wound pus can be drained, and the dressing can be changed on time to promote wound healing.
Serious complications of liposuction include extensive skin necrosis and fat embolism, which are relatively rare. Extensive skin necrosis was caused by improper operation at different levels, which affected the blood supply of the skin flap. In the later stage, severe infection will occur, and repeated dressing changes and skin flap repair and skin grafting operations will be required in the later stage, and more obvious scars will eventually be left behind.
Fat embolism is generally rare. The main reason for its formation is that the surgical operation is too deep, which damages the larger blood vessels, fat embolus enters the blood vessels under great pressure, or the venous thrombus formed by blood vessel damage falls off and enters the blood circulation. This situation is very dangerous and should be rescued immediately if it happens, otherwise it will endanger the life of the subject.
is there a way to avoid the risk
Liposuction is easy to say, but there are many skills in doing it, and it needs a professional doctor to complete it. Take the deployment of swelling fluid as an example, different parts of liposuction have different deployment ratios. In addition, the surgical site, operation level, infection prevention, etc. are also very particular.
How to reduce the risk? First of all, it is recommended to choose a standardized medical institution. Doctors in formal medical institutions have undergone long-term professional training. They are familiar with anatomical levels, master professional technical operations, and are strictly supervised by the health management department. From the hygienic environment to the medical team, from preoperative examination to postoperative care, from strict control of surgical indications to timely treatment of complications, every medical link has strict quality control.
Secondly, people who undergo liposuction should have a correct understanding of cosmetic surgery. They can learn about relevant knowledge through books, the Internet, etc. Of course, it is most reliable to listen to the advice of regular professional doctors. After fully understanding liposuction and your own conditions, as well as the possible risks of surgery, you can make the most suitable choice for you.
Finally, I wish every beauty seeker realize their dream of pursuing beauty under the premise of safety.