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1 million species facing extinction? Taking care of nature is urgent

  Nowadays, phenomena that damage nature and destroy biodiversity happen frequently. According to the announcement of the Ministry of Ecology and Environment, in April 2021, the Seventh Central Ecological and Environmental Protection Inspection Team conducted an inspection of Guangxi and found that Beibu Gulf International Port Group Co., Ltd. had weak awareness of ecological and environmental protection, and the construction of Beihai Tieshan Port East Port was illegally constructed, resulting in damage to mangroves. It covers an area of ​​257.67 mu, with 37988 dead mangroves.
  It is not just mangroves. Due to factors such as habitat fragmentation and climate change, the situation of biodiversity conservation in my country is not optimistic. The information provided by the Ministry of Ecology and Environment shows that the endangerment of vertebrates in my country is higher than the global average; the loss of biodiversity and the fragility of ecosystems will erode the foundation of economy, livelihood, food security, health and quality of life.
  Destruction of mangrove forests disappear faster than the speed of 3 to 5 times
  the mangroves known as the “Coast Guard” in the name of the mangrove 37 species, accounting for about 60% of the world’s mangrove plants. Yang Songying, a marine project expert at the Beijing Representative Office of the World Wildlife Fund (WWF), said that the mangroves that mainly grow in estuaries and coastal intertidal zones have different characteristics and abilities from terrestrial plants. They are adapted to environmental factors such as high salinity seawater, lack of oxygen, heavy wind and waves, and have important effects and significance to ecology and humans.
  ”Mangroves are the primary producers along the coast and are the foundation of the food chain. The decaying leaves become food for aquatic animals, giving birth to countless birds, shellfish, crustaceans, fish, etc., and supporting the various organisms in the ecosystem. Survival; for humans, mangroves provide an important ecological barrier, protect banks from moisture, avoid soil erosion, absorb pollutants, and provide wood and food for local communities. They are blue economic resources that support fisheries and eco-tourism.” Yang Songying In other words, mangroves are also typical carbon sink resources. Fixing and storing carbon dioxide in vegetation and soil play an important role in mitigating climate change.
  According to data from the National Forestry and Grass Administration, in the 1950s, the area of ​​mangrove forests in my country was about 50,000 hectares, and in 2000 it was reduced to 22,000 hectares. With the improvement of protection awareness and the government’s increasing protection and restoration efforts, it will increase to about 29,000 hectares in 2019.
  ”The rate of destruction of global mangrove forests exceeds the rate of disappearance of terrestrial forests by three to five times.” Yang Songying said that although mangroves have very rich ecosystem services, they are faced with threats from various human activities, typically coastal areas. Development activities, such as coastal aquaculture, tourism-related construction, community and urban development, etc. “Severe reclamation and logging activities have led to the direct destruction of these important habitats.”
  Over the past 50 years about 100 million species face extinction
  , according to the World Wildlife Fund released “Living Planet Report 2020”, due to the destruction of the natural environment, including the new crown caused the epidemic spread of zoonoses, including, since 1970 In less than half a century, the global populations of mammals, birds, amphibians, reptiles and fish have fallen by about 2/3 on average. So far, there is no sign that this “catastrophic decline” is slowing down.
  Zhang Fengchun, former chief expert of the Institute of Ecology of the Chinese Academy of Environmental Sciences, said, why should we emphasize the protection of biodiversity? The crux of the problem is that under the influence of human activities, the current rate of species extinction far exceeds the rate of natural extinction. The latest research results show that in the past 50 years, about 1 million species of living things are facing extinction, and more species are threatened by human activities than ever before.
  Delineation of ecological protection red line, strengthen the supervision of ecological restoration
  for the conservation of biological diversity, improve the quality and stability of the ecosystem, innovative way to protect our country, the construction of a national park consisting mainly of natural protected areas system. Cui Shuhong, director of the Department of Natural Ecological Protection of the Ministry of Ecology and Environment, said that my country has also creatively proposed and established an ecological protection red line system. The area of ​​the ecological protection red line initially delineated accounts for more than 25% of the land area. Most important species and important species The ecosystem is effectively protected within the red line.
  Cui Shuhong said that during the “14th Five-Year Plan” period, the Ministry of Ecology and Environment will also strengthen supervision of ecological protection and restoration, and promote the establishment of a “53111” ecological supervision system. Continue to carry out the monitoring and evaluation of the national ecological status, key areas, ecological protection red lines, nature reserves, key ecological function areas and counties, and implement the three systems of central ecological environmental protection inspection, ecological supervision and law enforcement, and ecological supervision in various key areas. Organize the “Green Shield” nature reserve to strengthen supervision, build a good ecological protection red line supervision platform, etc., and continuously improve the supply capacity of high-quality ecological products.

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