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Sadness in Lisbon

  The Portuguese are known as the kindest nation in Europe. Portugal also has bullfights, but the bullfights in Portugal are calmer and gentler. They only hurt the bulls in the fight, not to the death. The Portuguese, though like Spain, were diverse and rich. However, the Portuguese are very polite and conservative. Portugal is the poorest country in Europe, and there is a common concept of patriarchal. From ancient times to the present, he has a strong feeling for the sea and regards the sea as an important part of life. In the history of Portugal, there have been many great navigators. As long as Portugal is mentioned, it will remind people of the sea and navigation. Portugal is a long and narrow land, 560 kilometers long, and in some places only 145 kilometers wide, like a barge moored on the edge of the European continent.
  Our first trip to Portugal was to Cape Roca, a suburb of Lisbon. Lorca Cape is the westernmost headland in Eurasia, and it receives drizzle and cold wind almost every day. However, when we arrived, it was a good day with clear skies, there was only one villa area along the way, and there was hardly any home in sight. As soon as we arrived at the headland, I saw the vast shore cliffs, lush green grass dotted with wild flowers of various colors, and under the cliffs along the long Atlantic coast, rolling waves slapped on the straight cliffs, setting off huge waves and strong winds. Unobstructed, blowing violently. Only the lighthouse on the cliff by the sea and the tower of a cross standing on the side stand unyieldingly. This lighthouse is one of the largest lighthouses in Europe. On the tower of the cross, the poet’s famous phrase “the end of the earth, the beginning of the sea” is engraved. Visitors who come here will definitely take pictures here. As the sun sets, watching the waves crashing against the cliffs of the headland, thinking of the great sailing era that has passed.
  At the end of our trip to Cape Roca, we headed to Lisbon, the capital of Portugal. Lisbon, a European city close to the Atlantic Ocean, does not have the modernity of Western Europe, nor the enthusiasm of southern Europe, but the elegance of Lisbon is unique. The whole city is distributed on 7 small hills, with various landforms and mountains and rivers. The old city built in the Roman Empire retains many antique buildings, while the new city is juxtaposed with buildings, cars running on the road paved with black and white stones, beautiful parks, wide squares, unique monuments and monuments all over the place. The whole city, Lisbon records the changes of Portuguese history. As early as the Phoenician period, Lisbon was a port, occupied by the Moors for 400 years, and in 1260, Lisbon officially became the capital of Portugal. In the years of Portuguese exploration at the end of the 15th century, Da Gama discovered the sea routes and spices of India, and then gold was discovered in Brazil. Lisbon became a busy commercial port, and merchants from all over the world came here to trade gold and spices. Lisbon suffered a major earthquake in 1755 and never recovered. The Lisbon cityscape seen today was rebuilt after the earthquake.
  Lisbon has frequent traffic with Latin America, West Africa and the Mediterranean. During the turmoil in Mozambique and Angola in 1974, many African refugees fled here, so black-skinned Africans can be seen everywhere on the streets of Lisbon. As soon as the bus entered Lisbon, the first thing that appeared in front of us was a 28-meter-high Christ the Redeemer statue on an 80-meter-high stone pillar on a hill on the coast of the Atlantic Ocean. At the end of the 15th century, Brazil was a Portuguese colony. This landmark that should belong to Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, is truly displayed on the waterfront of Lisbon. The statue of Jesus Christ on the hill, dressed in a robe, with a peaceful face, arms raised, facing Lisbon, silently looking down at Lisbon. The statue of Jesus Christ, which has been standing here for hundreds of years, has become the protector of the Portuguese sailing. The sailing explorers who went to sea in those days always set out from under the sculpture to explore the unknown world.
  Lisbon is not very large and is a very walkable city with parks and cafés in the middle of the buildings. There are not many historical monuments in the city. We visited the Geronimos Monastery in downtown Lisbon, which was listed as an important World Heritage Site by the United Nations in 1980. The monastery, built to commemorate Da Gama’s discovery of the Indian voyages, was built in 1502 and was not completed until 1572. For 60 years, the energy and money invested is unimaginable. In the 19th century, the new Manuel-style west wing and clock tower were added, which became what we see today. At the entrance of the gate are the statues of Prince Henry and the 12 disciples of Christ. On both sides of the monastery are the intricately carved coffins of the Portuguese poet Camoes and the explorer Da Gama. 500 years ago, Portugal brought great wealth and splendor to Portugal because of the voyage.
  Leaving the monastery, we visited the Belém Tower, which is 52 meters high and designed as a ship’s hull. The Tower of Belém is one of the best examples of Manueline architecture, with its castle-like peculiar shape and Moorish-style decoration. The Tower of Belém was built in 1520 to commemorate the Portuguese era of sailing from 1515 to 1520. The tower is a representative of Portugal’s glory and has also been selected as an important World Heritage Site by the United Nations.
  Not far from the Belém Tower, the nautical monument stands on the square next to the ocean. On one side facing the sea, there is an ancient sail on the sea. It is indeed magnificent. The nautical monument has become a symbol of Portugal. The monument was built in 1960 to commemorate the 500th anniversary of the death of Henry, the nautical prince. The nautical monument stands on the square by the sea. The head is Henry, followed by his assistant Da Gama, and on both sides are some navigators who accompanied the departure, as well as famous generals, missionaries and scientists in Portuguese history. Visitors can climb to the top of the monument and look at the nearby scenery and harbor features. There is a world map engraved on the ground in front of the monument, with the date of the discovery of the New World engraved on it.

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