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How to Treat and Prevent Plantar Fasciitis: A Common Cause of Foot Pain

  Many middle-aged and elderly people like to exercise by walking, but they don’t know that this is the culprit of foot pain. If you have no obvious pain or mild pain in your feet during walking, you will feel severe pain in the soles, heels or forefoot when you stand up after a period of rest, and it will be relieved after walking a certain distance, but you will also feel it when you walk a long distance Significant Pain – This presentation is usually due to plantar fasciitis.
   Plantar fasciitis is inflammation of the tough band of tissue that connects the calcaneus to the phalanges, around the heel, on the sole, or in the forefoot. The exact cause of the onset is unknown, but it is speculated that long-term walking, jumping, standing, etc. cause repeated slight damage to the plantar fascia tissue-repair cycle, and eventually turn into chronic plantar pain, similar to tendonitis.
   Plantar fasciitis can be treated as follows:
   rest as little as possible and reduce repeated plantar fascia damage, and increase non-weight-bearing lower limb muscle exercises appropriately to achieve the amount of exercise required by chronic systemic diseases (diabetes, hypertension, hyperlipidemia). Prevent muscle atrophy and joint stiffness.
   Hot compress increases local temperature by soaking feet in hot water, ultrashort wave, infrared radiation, etc., promotes local blood circulation, and enhances the body’s self-repairing ability, so as to shorten the course of the disease.
   Change shoes and wear loose, comfortable, and soft-soled sports shoes that fit your feet to reduce damage to the plantar fascia. Clinical observations have found that wearing high heels, leather shoes, and tight boots for a long time significantly increases the risk of plantar fasciitis.
   Oral non-steroidal anti-inflammatory analgesics (etoricoxib, erecoxib, loxoprofenal tablets, etc.) and muscle relaxants (eperisone hydrochloride tablets, tizanidine hydrochloride tablets, baclofen etc.) to relieve symptoms, shorten the course of the disease, and reduce the degree of pain. It should be noted that externally applied drugs and plasters are not effective.
   Special reminder: carefully choose invasive treatment methods such as small needle knife and sealing.
   How to prevent recurrent plantar fasciitis?
   First of all, for people with a large amount of exercise, it is recommended to change the exercise method and choose more non-weight-bearing exercise methods such as swimming, which can also meet the demand for exercise. Secondly, it is recommended to wear loose, comfortable and well-fitting soft-soled sports shoes, avoid wearing high heels, leather shoes, boots, slippers and ill-fitting shoes, and try to avoid walking barefoot to reduce the probability of plantar fasciitis injuries. Thirdly, increase the local heating of the feet after exercise, such as hot water soaking feet, ultrashort wave, infrared radiation, etc., to promote the repair of damaged fascia. Finally, for recurrent plantar pain, the above treatment has no obvious effect, so it is necessary to seek medical treatment in time.