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“Homeschoolers” in France

  According to statistics, there are currently more than 10,000 students in France who, under the guidance of their parents, choose to study at home or travel to countries around the world to study. The application method of this “homeschooling” is quite simple. As long as you submit a request form to the municipal government before the school starts every year, you can become a member of the “homeschooling family”. The French education management department sends professional inspectors every year to visit the children’s learning environment and test the learning results at the students’ homes. If the standards set by the education department are not met, the parents must send their children to school.
  
  A Tradition
  
  in France, the tradition of studying at home has a long history. General de Gaulle, the French national hero, is a model of self-study at home. After World War II, with the rapid recovery of the national economy, in big cities such as Paris, Lyon, and Marseilles in France, those children who were unwilling to go to school began to pursue this distinctive way of studying from the kindergarten stage. At home, mothers are generally the teachers of their children. Many parents have to wait until their children are of high school age before sending them to school.
  But in recent years, more and more French parents choose to let their children study at home until the senior high school entrance examination stage (that is to say, graduating from high school), and then officially go to school at the university stage. The main reason for this is nothing less than the continuous emergence of violent incidents in French secondary schools at all levels, which makes parents and students feel uneasy.
  This group of homeschooled children has the same morning schedule as other school-going children. The difference is that they take classes in their own “classroom” at home, rather than the kind of “clustered” campus learning environment. Children are mostly outdoors in the afternoon, and many parents have a fairly full schedule, such as learning a musical instrument, painting, swimming, tennis, taking drama classes, visiting museums, galleries, art academies, Congress, and more.
  Generally speaking, most of the children who choose to study at home are precocious and gifted. In the eyes of French parents, children skipping grades because of excellent grades will have many negative effects and are not conducive to the healthy growth of children. Such negative effects include: jealousy of other classmates, inability to get along with older children, strange eyes from outsiders, etc. However, if they do not skip grades, it will damage their children’s enthusiasm for learning because the school curriculum is too slow and does not meet their desire for knowledge. Therefore, parents choose to let their children go to school at home.
  
  Advantages and Disadvantages of
  
  Homeschooling Homeschooling has the following positive and positive effects:
  First, children can flexibly choose the courses they are interested in to study, and do not need to follow the general school’s rigid curriculum. For different children, he may not be interested in mathematics, but he is quite fond of English. If he chooses the subjects he wants to learn, the learning effect achieved will naturally be multiplied with half the effort. Second, students and parents can learn from their own learning experience. , to explore more deeply the curriculum content of certain subjects without stopping at the teaching progress of the education sector. In addition, the children’s home school break time may be 5 minutes or as long as half an hour, depending on their daily physical condition. For students, this allows them to concentrate on the next subject. Moreover, the afternoon extracurricular activities of homeschooled children are more solid than that of ordinary students, and their learning vision and scope can exceed the limitations of ordinary school students.
  But there is a problem here. Without classmates and friends, how can children get in touch with the society? Therefore, it does have inevitable negative effects on children who study at home. Therefore, this type of education still has the following points of contention:
  First, how exactly does a parent play the role of a teacher? Fulfilling one’s duties is indeed one of the key issues. Parents may be able to cope with primary school-level courses, but from the beginning of junior high school, can parents meet the learning progress of their children’s subjects? In other words, is the education level of the parents themselves capable of teaching their children well?
  Second, even though these children may have the opportunity to contact other children in the afternoon, the different learning atmosphere and environment lead to their poor social adaptability. To give a simple example: queuing for lunch in a school cafeteria is a fairly mundane thing for the average middle school student, but it is likely to be quite disgusting, repelling or inconceivable to a homeschooling child.
  Third, children’s interpersonal relationships need to be strengthened. Generally speaking, in the absence of friends of the same age, most of them tend to be autistic. If there is a conflict with others one day, it is very likely that students will live in their own circles from now on. Therefore, more than half of the children have to receive regular counseling from a psychiatrist.
  Fourth, because children studying at home only contact their mothers who also play the role of teachers most of the time, it is quite easy for them to be completely dominated by the ideas of their mothers, and it is difficult for them to have independent personalities in the future.
  
  The “educational method of the rich” is questioned. The most direct prerequisite for
  
  choosing to let their children study at home is the family’s economic situation. Parents must have an upper-middle salary and income before they can teach their children without any worries. France is expensive. Once children go to school at home, many extra-curricular textbooks, stationery and other related items need to be purchased by parents themselves. Moreover, when one parent does not go to work and becomes the child’s teacher, the family loses an income and the family loses an income. The economic burden will naturally increase. In addition, there must be extra space in the home for home classrooms and extracurricular activities. However, not every French family has the financial means to buy or rent a large house, so some people call homeschooling “the education of the rich”.
  According to a survey, more than 95% of the 10,000 French children who study at home have other extracurricular learning activities in the afternoon. In other words, as a parent, you must be able to afford this additional cost. It is worth mentioning that 48% of the households hire servants to help with housework such as cleaning and cooking. It is not difficult to see why “studying at home” is often equated with “rich people”.
  In France, many sociologists, educators and psychologists have begun to criticize this type of study. They believe that choosing to study at home will make the children of rich families more spoiled, because starting from the basic education system, students are guided to choose the way they like to study, which makes these students very likely to do whatever they want in the future.
  Some scholars believe that studying at home is not a real flexible study, but it is easy to develop children’s independent personality. If they don’t like subjects they don’t study today, they may not study for a whole week. If parents completely let their children decide, It will have a very bad influence on the personality development of the students themselves.
  A primary school principal in the 13th arrondissement of Paris clearly stated: “If everyone acts according to their own preferences since childhood, then our society will lose its due norms in the future!”
  
  Traveling thousands of miles is better than reading thousands of books.
  
  A comparison A particular example is the way of education of the Delabacker family, who live in Lyon. Mr. and Mrs. Delabacker outsourced the care of their restaurant, and they had a fixed income of almost 5,000 euros a month. For the Drabakir family, the most expensive living expenses are transportation costs such as air tickets to countries around the world. They did not buy a house or a fixed home. All clothing, books and other supplies were temporarily stored in the homes of relatives and friends. They chose a family of four to travel around the world throughout the year. The education of the two sons was conducted by correspondence. The eldest son Luo Fu is 14 years old this year, and the youngest son Danny is 10 years old. The brothers have accepted a way of “tourism to study” since childhood.
  When you see the eldest son Luo Fu reading and doing homework on the beach, while the youngest son Danny is painting seriously, you will naturally think: Why take the child to the ends of the earth to do homework and sketch? However, it is generally believed that Mr. Delabacker’s education is better than “homeschooling” in the traditional sense, because at least two children have more opportunities to contact the outside world during their growth, rather than being limited to home classrooms and family members’ education. One-sided contact.
  In each country, the Delabacker family does not buy first-class, but general economy class when they take boats, buses and trains. This is to understand the culture and customs of the country. Open your eyes to study, and truly fulfill the so-called “walking thousands of miles”. In the journey of traveling around the world, geography class does not need to be particularly strengthened. The world map has been deeply ingrained in the minds of the two brothers Rover and Danny. Like geography experts, they can speak easily. Travel also makes their foreign language skills top-notch, at least basic conversation skills in English, the most widely spoken language in the world, are no problem. Traveling has broadened the children’s horizons and naturally broadened their minds. For the two brothers, the joy and love for life are beyond words.
  For Louvre and Danny, growing up with them did not have the television, internet, toys and game consoles that ordinary children come into contact with every day. Filled with living human environment and books. Mrs. Delabacker made it clear for her two sons: “Every time you go out, you should carry at least 10 books in your travel bag!” So today, the two brothers are growing up healthy and strong. The eldest son, Luo Fu, said that he would like to study in a flying academy in the future, so that he can experience the feeling of navigating the blue sky.
  
  Educational methods that stand the test of time The
  
  French have always given the impression of being romantic and independent. In a rather popular French pop song, there is this line: “Rather than send my child to a normal school, it is better for my child to go to a self-supporting school”. From this point, it is not difficult to see the mentality of the younger generation of parents in France. Are there more parents who also want their children to study at home, or are they unable to fulfill their wishes due to realistic economic factors? There is currently no answer to this question.
  According to figures released by the French Ministry of Education, the learning outcomes of these homeschooled children are above average, and I am quite satisfied with the current way of studying at home or traveling. So far, there has been no further results or data showing that these children have psychological problems or maladjusted to the real society when they enter the society. Despite the constant voices of doubt, the form of education at home has withstood the test of time, which indeed deserves the attention of relevant scholars.
  On the other hand, it is worth affirming that most French parents can fulfill their basic responsibilities while choosing this kind of special education method, and pay special attention to their children’s learning results and psychological development. Perhaps this is also the reason One of the important reasons why such students have social problems has not been heard. It is not difficult to see from this that whether it is the traditional way of going to school or the unique way of studying at home, if the parents can pay more attention to the education of their children and pay attention to their growth, over time, the children will not develop in a disadvantageous direction.

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