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Eat this way after surgery, recovery speed is particularly fast

After surgery, the body’s nutrient consumption increases, and the decomposition process is greater than the synthesis process, and this phenomenon becomes more obvious the larger the surgery. The purpose of postoperative nutritional supplementation is to reduce the high postoperative catabolic state and reduce the body’s own nutrient consumption, especially muscle consumption, so as to enhance the patient’s immunity, improve physical strength, and improve the quality of life after surgery. The literature confirms that adequate postoperative nutrition can reduce postoperative infection, promote incisional healing, increase appetite, enhance physical strength, reduce sleep disorders, and greatly improve postoperative quality of life.

Many patients and their families know that postoperative nutrition is needed, but they do not know how to supplement it after surgery. Some of them even give patients tonic soup at the early stage of postoperative period in order to increase nutrition and make them recover as soon as possible. Unbeknownst to them, this is not only unhelpful to the patient, but may also endanger the patient’s health.

Surgeries that do not cause much harm to the body, such as simple thyroid tumor removal and mastectomy for fibroid tumors, etc. You will be able to start eating once you wake up from anesthesia after surgery. No additional nutritional support is needed in this case, and a normal diet is fine. Otherwise, it is easy to cause over-nutrition, resulting in elevated blood sugar and blood lipids, which is not conducive to wound healing and health recovery.

After major surgery, it is necessary to supplement more nutrition, but due to the trauma of surgery, patients often have poor appetite. Foods with high nutrient density and easy to digest should be consumed.

First of all, it is important to ensure sufficient calories. This is the basis of postoperative nutritional support. 50% to 60% of total calories should be provided by carbohydrates, which is what we call staple food. Due to the weak digestive function after surgery, it is generally not recommended to eat too much coarse grains and miscellaneous grains, or mainly refined rice and noodles. There should not be too much fat to avoid indigestion.

Secondly, it is important to ensure enough vitamins and proteins. The consumption of vitamins is much more than usual after major surgery, and the demand for protein is also more than usual, so these two nutrients must not be missing. Milk, yogurt, eggs, fish and shrimp, and lean meat are all good choices.

Finally, to accommodate a weak circulatory system after surgery, food should be easy to digest. Vegetables need to be made finer and also choose vegetables with less dietary fiber.

Many patients’ families feel that they need a good tonic after surgery, and they are very particular about what they eat, believing that various tonic soups are the most nutritious and better digested than meat, but in fact, they are often counterproductive. The ingredients in soup are mostly water, fat and salt, but the real proteins that promote tissue growth and wound healing are actually hidden in the meat! So, don’t forget to eat meat when you drink soup to supplement your nutrition. If the patient has high uric acid and high blood fat before surgery, soup is not to be taken.

For oral and pharyngeal site surgery, food can be supplied if you can drink water after recovering from postoperative anesthesia. However, if the patient cannot eat by mouth or does not eat enough, then “enteral nutrition” is required. “Enteral nutrition” is to make food into a homogenous slurry by nasogastric tube, nasogastric tube, etc., or to use enteral nutrition preparation directly into the tube. The “fluid food” is the food that is easy to digest, contains little residue, and is fluid at room temperature, including broth, milk, rice soup, fruit and vegetable juice, etc. For protein supplementation, water can be replaced with milk preparation. When the wound and digestive function recover further, you can transition to “semi-liquid” “soft foods” such as soft rice, rotten noodles, mashed meat, etc. until the final universal diet.

For patients with gastrointestinal surgery, it is necessary to gradually stimulate the peristalsis and digestive and absorption functions of the gastrointestinal tract to slowly resume a normal diet. When they just resume normal diet, they should avoid eating vegetables, fruits and fruits containing more dietary fiber and coarse grains, such as leftover rice, cold sweet potatoes, celery and leeks, etc. Meanwhile, they should avoid eating greasy dishes and smoked bacon, and their diet should be light and less oily, and they should eat less food that is too hot.

Post-operative tumor patients often need adjuvant treatment of radiotherapy, nausea and vomiting are common side effects. For patients, the first thing is to ensure enough energy. If the body does not have enough protein reserve, the immunity will be reduced and other organs will be severely damaged, so the survival rate will be greatly reduced as they may not be able to adhere to chemotherapy drugs. Therefore, it is very important to eat enough, and it is even more important to eat enough protein. If you do not eat enough, you need to supplement with high-energy enteral nutrition preparations and whey protein powder. Second, you can eat less and more meals, fasting will make the symptoms of nausea and vomiting more serious, always prepare high-protein, high-energy snacks such as nuts, even if you are not hungry, you can always eat. Finally, you can eat more fresh vegetables and fruits, eat less deeply processed food, supplement vitamin B1 and fish oil to improve appetite, and eat room temperature dry food, such as bread and soda crackers.

Good nutritional status can enhance immunity, promote wound healing and restore physical fitness; follow the doctor’s advice after surgery, scientific supplementation for fast recovery.

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