Brazilian architect Oscar Niemeyer

  Oscar Niemeyer, whose full name is Oscar Bibello de Almeida Niemeyer Soares Fejo, is a Brazilian architect and an advocate of modernist architecture in Latin America. Picasso”. There are hundreds of his works, which are distributed in more than a dozen countries around the world. As a representative of Brazil from 1946 to 1949, he formed a ten-member planning team responsible for designing the United Nations Headquarters in New York with Liang Sicheng, a famous Chinese architect, and served as the chief designer of Brasilia, the new capital of Brazil, from 1956 to 1961. . Known as a monument in the history of urban planning, Brasilia was included in the “World Heritage List” by UNESCO in 1987, and it is the “World Heritage” with the shortest history. In 1988 Niemeyer was awarded the Pritzker Architecture Prize.
  Former Brazilian President Dilma Rousseff once commented on Oscar Niemeyer: “We have to imagine things that have never been. However, few people in this world can imagine as richly, delicately and vividly as he did. And profound. His life is far beyond what those blueprints can describe. Niemeyer is a revolutionary and an advocate of architecture in the new era.”

  Niemeyer graduated from the Architecture Department of the National Academy of Fine Arts in Rio de Janeiro in 1934. From 1936 to 1937, he participated in the design of the building of the Brazilian Ministry of Education and Health, and served as the head of the design team after Costa. French architect Le Corbusier served as a consultant for this project, and Nieminer was directly influenced by it. The Brazilian Ministry of Education and Health Building is considered the first important modern building in Brazil.
  Niemer was only 29 years old at the time and worked as Le Corbusier’s draftsman. After Le Corbusier left Brazil, the young design genius advocated without authorization and made adjustments to the design plan, but these adjustments surprised Costa, and he immediately appointed Niemeyer as the chief designer of the project. Completed in 1945, the building became the first modernist building in Brazil and attracted worldwide attention.

  Niemeyer is one of the few architectural masters in the history of world architecture who are worthy of attention and respect throughout his life, especially the remarkable achievements of his local works in Brazil, which made him an idol there. He attaches great importance to friendship and always helps friends in designing. He is a Brazilian first and an architect second.
  Throughout his life, Niemeyer sought the beauty of lines and integrated art into architecture, thus creating a free and dynamic “aesthetics of concrete curves”. He was never a scholar, he had no interest in theory, academics, platitudes. The free curves in his designs have always been accurate and certain, and he has a firm stand, which is reflected in his modernist architectural design principles and practice, which is different from modernist architects. His goal is simple and even naive, to create beauty for the world.

  Very different from other modernist architects, Oscar Niemeyer’s pursuit is particularly naive. This designer full of idealism and rebellious spirit used his amazing talent to get rid of the “cube” architectural framework advocated by his predecessors. He insists on the truth that “beauty is function”, and his works have extraordinary personality characteristics, creating a feminine architectural “Utopia” for the world.
  Curves are undoubtedly the key words throughout Oscar Niemeyer’s life. As early as childhood, he was fascinated by lines. According to Niemeyer’s recollection, when he was a child, he often gestured in the air with his fingers, which puzzled his mother very much. When she asked what her son was doing, Niemeyer always replied, “I’m painting.”

  The free-flowing curves planted a seed in Niemeyer’s heart, and in his decades-long creations, he always followed his inner calling, weakening the cold texture of reinforced concrete with soft lines. Its imaginative and light qualities make its architectural works shine.
  Oscar Niemeyer once declared: “I am not interested in right angles and straight lines, which seem so hard and full of artificial marks. Instead, I am attracted by free-flowing, sensual curves.” His main works include
  Brazilian Parliament Building, Brasilia Cathedral, Brazilian Presidential Palace, French Communist Party Headquarters, London Serpentine Gallery…

Brazilian Parliament? Building

  The Brazilian Parliament Building has a strong contrast between the horizontal and vertical shapes, and the two hemispheres are used to reconcile and contrast, enriching the outline of the building, and the composition is novel and eye-catching. From the perspective of plane composition, the three buildings form an equilateral triangle, and the Brazilian Parliament Building is at the top of the triangle, which is the largest and most prominent building in the square.

brasilia church

  Brasilia Cathedral is located in Brasilia, the capital of Brazil. It was completed on May 31, 1970. The church has a hyperbolic shape as a whole. 16 parabolic pillars support the glass dome of the church, which looks like a crown from a distance. This is a masterpiece of ultra-modern architecture. It is an umbrella-shaped church with a strange shape, which looks like the Pope’s round cap and Indian huts. The church hall is located below the ground, with a maximum diameter of 70 meters inside, and people enter and exit through the corridor. This modern church is contrary to tradition, with simple lines, bright light and spacious space inside the church, reflecting the modern atmosphere and witnessing the glory of Brasilia, the youngest city of world cultural heritage.

Brazilian Presidential Palace

  The Brazilian Presidential Palace, also known as the Dawn Palace, is a building with a corridor hanging outside. The pillars of the porch are reversed from the stereotype of round and square, some are like water chestnuts with long top and short bottom, some are like wild geese spreading their wings, and some are like fluttering sails. The architectural lines of the Presidential Palace are simple and elegant, built on the pool, and the color is white. The pillars around the building are in the shape of vertical geometric triangular plates, which is unique. On the edge of this seemingly rationalistic box building, Niemeyer set up rows of beautifully shaped sail-style colonnades, making the whole building “float” immediately. stand up.

Serpentine Galleries, London

  Oscar Niemeyer, at the age of 96, was invited to design the Serpentine Gallery’s summer pavilion in 2003. The main materials of the building are steel, cement, aluminum and glass, which is simple and pure. The ruby-coloured passage contrasts sharply with the semi-hidden main body of the pavilion, creating a wonderful landscape in the park. The building is also strictly based on Niemeyer’s principle that “any design project must be expressible through simple sketches, and when the main supporting structure is completed, the building is also largely completed”. In addition, Niemeyer personally designed wall paintings for some of the walls.
  For Oscar Niemeyer, the curves of his works were not created out of thin air, they were derived from the natural landscape of his native Brazil. Sunny Rio de Janeiro has intoxicating scenery, whether it is a stretch of coastline or rolling mountains, all hide the most fascinating curves in nature.

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