Bavaria’s Buried Treasure: Unveiling Nördlingen’s Meteoric Diamond City

Nördlingen is a medieval town with a history of thousands of years. It is surrounded by walls on all sides and is one of only three cities in Germany that is completely surrounded by walls. The town was once peaceful and peaceful, but it was also once ravaged by gunfire, and many buildings were almost destroyed by a fire.

In the town, the 3.5-kilometer-long city wall, the towering bell tower of the Gothic church, special museums and mascots… everything attracts the attention of tourists. It is worth mentioning that these buildings are all made from local materials. According to statistics from geologists, the buildings contain approximately 72,000 tons of diamonds! In addition, Nördlingen is also the prototype of the castle in the anime “Attack on Titan”. Many fans come here to break the dimensional wall and watch the scenes in the anime come into reality…
A crater turns into a crater? A luxurious town with 70,000 tons of diamonds

15 million years ago, an asteroid with a diameter of about 1.5 kilometers hit the earth at a speed of 25 kilometers per second, leaving a large crater with a diameter of about 26 kilometers on the earth’s surface. This impact also caused the bedrock to receive intense heat and pressure, and the carbon in the rock formation instantly turned into extremely tiny diamonds invisible to the naked eye… But all this is not known to everyone.

In 898 AD, a group of explorers discovered this place and used local soil and gravel to build city walls, churches, houses and other infrastructure. At that time, due to the polishing of time, the crater merged with other places. The residents always believed that they were in a huge extinct volcano crater. Even the sign of the town read, “This place was formed because of the volcano.” piece of land”.

For many years, the secret that Nördlingen was built on a crater, and the diamonds contained within the stone, was well hidden.

Until World War II in 1945, Nördlingen was occupied by American troops. More than 10,000 people were displaced, the number of refugees grew by the day, and the U.S. military had to build more homes. At this time, a construction worker in a camp was hit by a collapsed wall. Some diamond fragments sparkled in the collapsed ruins, and the secret of Nördlingen was revealed to everyone for the first time.

Soon, Nördlingen attracted American geologists to investigate. After research, geologists discovered that the large crater in this town was not an extinct volcano crater. They boldly made the assumption that the pit was not “sinked” but “smashed” out. Finally, this hypothesis was confirmed.

Geologists further tested the town’s walls and buildings and found that a total of about 72,000 tons of diamonds were embedded in the town’s walls and buildings. It was an extremely low-key and extremely luxurious “Diamond City”.

This discovery caused a series of chain reactions. The textbooks in the small town school were revised, and even the astronauts from Apollo 14 and 16 came here. They wanted to see with their own eyes the “gifts” that space gave to the earth, and think about what rocks should be taken in space. Return to Earth.

To this day, scientists from NASA and the European Space Agency still visit the town regularly. The town also received a special gift: a moon rock brought back to Earth by the Apollo space missions. In addition, Nördlingen has built its own meteorite museum, which tells the story of the meteorite landing and the formation of the giant crater with pictures and texts.
Climbing the bell tower is a unique medieval building in the game of the brave.

The earliest written records of Nördlingen appear in the 9th century. At that time, craftsmen, cobblers, blacksmiths, felters and winemakers lived here, which gave birth to grains, vegetables, wine, livestock and handicrafts, making Nördlingen a qualified free trade center. In 1215, the town was awarded the title of “Free Imperial City”; in 1219, the town became a haven for regional trade fairs, which continued for hundreds of years.

Nördlingen is also one of the earliest Protestant towns in Germany. In 1529, the town’s residents took part in a protest movement in Speyer. But after the “Thirty Years’ War” in Europe, a fire destroyed the originally beautiful Nördlingen. Until 1802, the Bavarians occupied it and transformed it into a new home.

Time has taken away many things in a hurry, but it has also left many excellent buildings in Nördlingen.

From a bird’s eye view, the entire town is circular, with red roofs arranged around the center of the town, like a large bowl filled with red building blocks. The town is surrounded by a 3.5-kilometer-long ancient city wall with 11 towers and 5 city gates. After entering the city gate, there is a staircase leading to the city wall aisle. The aisle is extremely narrow, making it almost impossible for two or three people to walk side by side. Standing in the corridor and looking out through the windows on the wall, the mottled city walls and old wooden roofs continue to extend into the distance, as if the scene of guards patrolling the city walls to protect their homes many years ago can be imagined.

Walking into the town, you feel like you have traveled back to the Middle Ages. The ancient carriages, bluestone roads, colorful houses and brilliant flowers complement each other. In the center of the town is the largest Gothic church in Germany, St. George’s Church. The combination of the high dome, exquisite decoration, solemn atmosphere and the excellent location in the center of the crater makes it extra special.

The clock tower known as “Daniel” is a landmark building in Nördlingen, with a total height of 90 meters and about 300 steps. Climbing the bell tower is a game for the brave. People need to go up from the small door outside the church, accompanied by the creaking wooden stairs, light-transmitting windows, and the kitten guarding the bell tower, and make endless circles to reach the destination. . Climbing to the top of the bell tower, you can have a panoramic view of the entire town. In addition, you can also buy some souvenirs here. The postcards with the clock tower and the cat in the tower are popular among everyone. The kitten has lived in the bell tower for many years and is regarded by the locals as the mascot that protects the bell tower. Interestingly, the bells in the clock tower are divided according to time. Not only are there bells to remind you 24 hours a day, but they are also reminded every fifteen minutes. Residents can often judge the current time by the bells.

The traditional German half-timbered buildings that can be seen everywhere in the town are also very distinctive. The pointed roof is made of wooden strips to create an overall frame, which is then filled with materials such as wood and clay. Various decorative patterns are carved on it, which is quite characteristic of the owner. There are many stone buildings in the town, the oldest being the town hall built in the 13th century. In the 16th century, a staircase was added to the side of the town hall, the steps of which sparkled with tiny diamonds. The historic dance hall next to the town hall is now an indoor market.

Many buildings in Nördlingen have retained their original purpose. Perhaps people at that time did not understand what meteorites hit the earth, but the buildings they left behind made the town more vivid and special.
A pig saves a city? Tourists arrested for “excavating walls”

Nördlingen’s mascot is a pig named Hans. It has skin of various colors such as pink, blue, yellow, ivory, etc. It wears bright clothes or is decorated with beautiful flowers and stands innocently on the street.

It is said that 600 years ago, an enemy who coveted Nördlingen bribed a gatekeeper in the city and asked him to secretly open a city gate so that he could attack the town at night. A pig named Hans accidentally ran to hold the ajar door. He happened to be spotted by a passing peasant woman and called the police. Only then did Nördlingen escape. Since then, the pig named Hans has become the local mascot.

A unique crater, an extremely luxurious diamond city, and such a cute mascot have attracted many tourists. But too many tourists have also caused a lot of trouble to the locals.

Although a large number of diamonds are produced during the formation of craters, these diamonds themselves are very small, less than 0.2 millimeters in diameter. Many tourists come here because of its fame, but they are disappointed when they don’t see the big diamonds all over the street. Therefore, many tourists try to peel off some walls and take them home to see if there are really diamonds. This puts the historic houses at risk of collapse at any time, making the residents miserable. Not only that, more than 800 bricks have been demolished by tourists on the main road of the town, and the walls of many houses have even been directly damaged.

It was precisely because this situation happened so often that the residents could no longer bear it and decided to move the hotel in the town to a place 500 meters away from the city wall, and would not easily allow outsiders to spend the night here.

Since then, this prestigious tourist destination has become less receptive to strangers. Because even though residents have repeatedly told that “broken diamonds are worthless” and “the wall is a cultural heritage”, there are still many people who want to try to dig through the wall and destroy the peace of the town.

So far, 15 tourists have been arrested in the small town of Nördlingen for “vandalism” or “theft”, and some of them were even fined 200,000 euros and sentenced to two years in prison. The town’s no-sparing disposal method actually reminds everyone that protecting cultural heritage is everyone’s unshirkable responsibility.

In fact, if you really want a diamond from the small town of Nördlingen, there are reasonable purchasing channels. Residents will sort out some diamond-rich stones and sell them to tourists as souvenirs.

In the fairy tale “Princess Caberine and Cinda”, the beautiful princess plants a magical tree in an exquisite castle. This tree does not bloom, but it can produce so many diamonds that the walls of the castle are covered with diamonds. Inlaid with diamonds, the entire kingdom shines brightly. When night falls, the Diamond Castle will be as dazzling as the stars in the sky… But in the real world, the diamond city of Nördlingen is no longer just a place worth checking in. It is a tourist destination and a unique town with cultural and scientific research value, which deserves more respect and protection.

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