How do acne marks and scars occur?
Knowing oneself and knowing the other can win a hundred battles. Therefore, before fighting against acne marks and scars, we need to understand how they are produced!
Inflammation is the root cause of acne marks. There is a bacterium called Propionibacterium acnes, which is an anaerobic bacterium that likes oil. It lives in the depth of the sebaceous glands, and aging keratinocytes and oils that have not been cleaned up in time are its favorite “nutrients.” When the oil in the skin hair follicle is not emptied smoothly, the pores will be blocked by oil and aging keratinocytes, which just creates a good local anaerobic environment for Propionibacterium acnes, allowing it to multiply in the epidermis, and then produce peptides. It will become a signal for leukocytes to release various enzymes, thereby inducing or aggravating inflammation of the skin. In general, this local skin inflammation leads to an increase in tyrosinase activity, which disrupts the metabolism and leaves a dark brown acne mark. Acne scars are actually closely related to this inflammation. Inflammation affects the epidermis, leaving behind pigmentation. If the inflammation spreads and destroys the original skin tissue, unsightly scars will occur.
Inhibit from the root cause, reduce the trouble of acne marks and acne scars
Hair follicle inflammation is the initiator of all acne scars and scars, then the inflammation must be suppressed first, once the inflammation is controlled, there will be no worries about acne scars and scars!
1. The gentle treatment of acne
, we often think of scab good acne faster, so the total can not help but hand to squeeze acne redness those white spots or have a sense of tenderness. This impulsive “freehand” operation is particularly easy to cause secondary secondary infections, severely damage local tissues, and greatly increase the possibility of leaving acne marks and scars.
In addition, people who are troubled by acne often go to the doctor in a hurry and use some powerful and irritating cleaning products. This will not only help acne, but also destroy the healing power of the skin.
Skin with inflammatory acne must be treated gently, and the urge to squeeze out acne must be restrained, and the cleaning products must be of a mild nature to avoid stimulating excessive secretion of sebaceous glands.
2. bactericidal anti-inflammatory products
containing plant ingredients bactericidal anti-inflammatory products relatively mild, such as tea tree oil, aloe vera, lavender, witch hazel and other essential oils, you should first try. If the effect is not good, you can choose products containing benzoyl oxide, which is a relatively effective skin disinfectant on the market. If it still doesn’t work, then you should consider oral or topical antibiotic drugs, but you must go to the hospital’s dermatology department to consult your doctor before using the drug.
3. gentle exfoliating
here, of course, is not a traditional exfoliating scrub to exfoliate. The occurrence of acne has a great relationship with the secretion of oil from the hair follicles, so you can use salicylic acid products with a concentration of 1% to 2% to exfoliate, which is an important step in the treatment of acne. Salicylic acid can dissolve in fat, can complete the task of exfoliating in pores full of oil, and is very gentle. It is recommended to use salicylic acid products in the form of gels, liquids or refreshing emulsions. Such products will not contain thickeners or lubricants that may block pores.