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A multi-pronged approach to treat constipation

  Constipation is relatively common among middle-aged and elderly people, which not only makes them suffer physically and mentally, but also affects their health. The main cause of constipation in middle-aged and elderly people is the change of colon function, including changes in mucosal growth and differentiation, metabolism and immune function. Studies have confirmed that the colonic mucosa of the elderly is more sensitive to carcinogens.
   Why are middle-aged and elderly people prone to constipation?
   1. Colonic dysfunction in middle-aged and elderly people, including damage to large intestine motility and fecal excretion, reduced fiber intake, dry and hard stool, and constipation.
   2. The physiological changes in the rectum and anus of middle-aged and elderly people are more obvious, such as the pressure drop of anal sphincter, fibrofatty degeneration and thickening. Sedentary, long-term bed rest or chronic diseases can inhibit the normal defecation reflex, which is also the cause of constipation.
   3. Eating too carefully or drinking too little water can cause constipation. Regular use of laxatives or enemas reduces the stress on the mucous membranes, which may cause constipation.
   Long-term constipation is harmful.
   Constipation can lead to various diseases and mental stress. Many patients with constipation feel depressed, irritable, and fearful of defecation. Constipation can also induce cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases, such as acute myocardial infarction and cerebral hemorrhage. Prolonged constipation can produce systemic poisoning symptoms, such as headache, dizziness, general fatigue, nausea, vomiting, abdominal pain, and also increase the risk of susceptibility to tumors.
   How to prevent constipation?
   Constipation is very harmful to middle-aged and elderly people. Active prevention and treatment should pay attention to the following aspects:
   Dietary therapy should consume more fiber-rich foods, such as fruits, vegetables, miscellaneous grains, beans, etc.; eat some laxative foods appropriately, Such as honey, sesame seeds, walnuts, milk; usually drink plenty of water, avoid drinking strong tea, coffee, wine and other stimulating drinks, drink a glass of warm water in the morning.
   You can eat 1-2 apples or 250-300 grams of bananas on an empty stomach every morning and evening; 10 walnuts, eat before going to bed every night; appropriate amount of fresh potatoes and honey, mash potatoes with gauze, add honey, and eat on an empty stomach every morning and evening Take half a cup, it can be used continuously for half a month; at the same time, pay attention to the diet should be mixed with whole grains.
   Drug treatment of mild or early constipation is usually preceded by a stool softener followed by a laxative. You can usually use 5-10 grams of senna leaves to make tea for drinking, and if necessary, use fruit guide tablets, Kaisailu, laxatives, etc. The elderly generally do not advocate long-term use of laxatives.
   Sports massage regulates many middle-aged and elderly people insist on abdominal massage, foot massage, and outdoor jogging every day, and the effect is also very obvious.